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Table 2 Baseline characteristics of participants and caregivers randomized vs included in the analysis by intervention group

From: Community-based exercise programs incorporating healthcare-community partnerships to improve function post-stroke: feasibility of a 2-group randomized controlled trial

Characteristic Randomized (n = 33) Analyzed (n = 21)
Immediate group (n = 16) Waitlist group (n = 17) Immediate group (n = 8) Waitlist group (n = 13)
Age in years, median (P25, P75) 71 (65, 80) 67 (58, 79) 72 (66, 80) 65 (57,79)
No. (%) female 7 (43) 8 (47) 3 (38) 7 (54)
Level of education, No. (%)
 Secondary school or lower 9 (56) 12b (70) 4 (50) 9 (75)
 College 6 (38) 2 (12) 3 (27) 2 (17)
 Graduate or Post-graduate 1 (6) 1 (6 ) 1 (13) 1 (8)
No. (%) employed 1 (6) 1 (6) 1 (6) 1 (6)
Financial status
 Some money left over 10 (62) 3 (18) 7 (87) 2 (15)
 Just enough to make ends meet 5 (32) 8 (47) 1 (12) 6 (46)
 Not enough to make ends meet 0 (0) 3 (18) 0 (0) 3 (23)
 Refused to answer 1 (6) 3 (18) 0 (0) 2 (15)
Side of stroke, No. (%)
 Right 5 (31) 9a (53) 2 (25) 7 (54)
 Left 10 (63) 7 (41) 5 (63) 6 (46)
 Bilateral 1 (6) 0 (0) 1 (12)  
Months post-stroke, median (P25, P75) 12 (7, 17) 11 (7, 18) 13 (8, 26) 12 (8, 18)
 No. (%) 6–12 months 8 (50) 10 (58) 4 (50) 6 (46)
 No. (%) 12–18 months 4 (25) 4 (24) 2 (25) 4 (30)
 No. (%) > 18 months 4 (25) 3 (18) 2 (25) 3 (23)
Charlson comorbidity index score, median (P25, P75) 4 (3, 6) 4 (3, 5) 4 (3, 5) 4 (3, 5)
Canadian study of health and aging frailty scale level, No. (%)
 Very fit 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0)
 Well 1 (6) 1 (6) 1 (13) 1 (8)
 Well with treated comorbid disease 3 (19) 1 (6) 1 (13) 1 (8)
 Apparently vulnerable 3 (19) 6 (35) 1 (13) 5 (39)
 Mildly frail 4 (25) 6 (35) 2 (25) 3 (23)
 Moderately frail 4 (25) 3 (18) 2 (25) 3 (23)
 Severely frail 1 (6) 0 (0) 1 (13) 0 (0)
 Very severely frail 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0)
 Terminally ill 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0)
Usual walking aids, No. (%)
 None 2 (13) 5 (29) 2 (25) 4 (31)
 Single point cane 5 (31) 5 (29) 2 (25) 4 (31)
 Quad cane 3 (19) 0 (0) 2 (25) 0 (0)
 Hemi-walker 4 (25) 3 (18) 1 (13) 2 (15)
 4-wheeled walker 2 (12) 4 (24) 1 (12) 3 (23)
No. (%) using AFOs 3 (38) 2 (14) 3 (38) 1 (7)
No. (%) with a caregiver 8 (50) 11 (65) 7 (87) 11 (84)
Caregiver participants
No. (%) of caregivers recruited 8 (100) 5 (55) 6 (85) 5 (45)
Caregiver role
 Spouse/partner 6 (75) 4 (66) 5 (83) 4 (80)
 Child 2 (25) 2 (33) 1 (16) 1 (20)
No. (%) female 2 (25) 3 (50) 2 (33) 3 (60)
Age in years, median (P25, P75) 68 (61, 74) 69 (63, 74) 69 (58, 74) 68 (58, 74)
No. (%) caregivers employed 1 (8) 0 (0) 1 (17) 0 (0)
Time spent caregiving, no. (%)
 0–9 h/week 2 (25) 2 (40) 2 (33) 2 (40)
 10–20 h/week 1 (13) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0)
 > 20 h/week 5 (62) 3 (60) 4 (66) 3 (60)
  1. Abbreviations: P25 25th percentile, P75 75th percentile, No. number, AFO ankle-foot orthosis
  2. aInformation missing for one participant
  3. bInformation missing for two participants