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Table 1 Patient characteristics for all participants at baseline, 3 months and 6 months

From: Effect of mindfulness on physical activity in primary healthcare patients: a randomised controlled trial pilot study

Randomisation group PAP Mindfulness Combination
Baseline n (%)
 Women 22 (76) 22 (73) 20 (69)
 Men 7 (24) 8 (27) 9 (31)
3 months
 Women 18 (72) 19 (79) 17 (65)
 Men 4 (18) 5 (21) 9 (35)
6 months
 Women 17 (77) 19 (79) 15 (63)
 Men 5 (23) 5 (21) 9 (37)
Age median (range)
Baseline 54 (42–65) 53 (41–65) 54 (43–64)
Percent of time in sedentary timea mean (SD, range)
 Baseline 66.2 (6.7, 78.2–50.2) 65.5 (9.2, 80.3–43.7) 66.7 (8.8, 80.0–47.2)
 3 months follow-up 66.7 (6.7, 78.3–56.3) 65.5 (7.5, 78.9–51.3) 67.5 (8.1, 81.2–51.3)
 6 months follow-up 65.0 (6.8, 73.6–50.0) 65.9 (9.4,81.0–36.2) 64.0 (9.1,78.4–45.6)
Percent of time in LIPAa
mean (SD, range)
 Baseline 30.9 (6.2, 45.5–20.9) 31.7 (8.2, 50.0–19.0) 30.3 (8.0, 49.2–18.8)
 3 months follow-up 31.0 (6.0, 42.6–21.5) 31.8 (6.9, 47.8–19.9) 28.6 (7.1,44.5–16.3)
 6 months follow-up 32.0 (5.8, 43.8–23.1) 31.6 (9.0, 58.4–17.0) 32.8 (8.9, 50.7–18.6)
Percent of time in MVPAamedian (SD, range)
 Baseline 2.6 (0.18, 6.3–0.5) 2.3 (0.02, 9.1–0.1) 2.4 (0.02, 9.0–0.2)
 3 months follow-up 2.4 (0.14, 5.0–0.2) 1.9. (0.02, 12.7–0.3) 3.4 (0.03, 11.1–0.1)
 6 months follow-up 2.6 (0.02, 6.2–0.4) 1.9 (0.02, 9.0–0.2) 2.7 (0.02, 9.2–0.3)
Weight kg median (range)
 Baseline 92.0 (67–121) 86.8 (57–132) 81.5 (62–146)
 3 months follow-up 87.9 (67–111) 81.2 (56–135) 83 (62–143)
 6 months follow-up 91.3 (59–110) 83.0 (60–139) 80.2 (60–145)
BMI kg/m2 median (range)    
 Baseline 31.4 (21–43) 29.9 (22–44) 28.5 (21–40)
 3 months follow-up 30.0 (21–42) 28.6 (22–43) 28.2 (21–39)
 6 months follow-up 29.4 (21–42) 28.6 (23–44) 27.9 (23–39)
Total cholesterol mmol/L mean (SD, range)
 Baseline 5.20 (1.05, 7.7–2.9) 5.63 (0.87, 7.3–4.1) 5.41 (1.04, 7.4–3.4 )
 3 months follow-up 4.99 (1.02, 6.9–3.3) 5.35 (0.96, 7.1–3.8) 5.12 (1.00, 7–3.1)
 6 months follow-up 5.08 (1.23, 7.1–3) 5.72 (1.09, 7.7–3.6) 5.08 (1.19, 7.6–2.9)
Low-density cholesterol mmol/L mean (SD, range)
 Baseline 3.43 (1.04, 5.9–1.3) 3.80 (0.92, 5.7–2) 3.66 (0.94, 5.5–2)
 3 months follow-up 3.15 (0.97, 5.1–1.7) 3.51 (1.02, 5.8–2) 3.52 (1.01, 5.3–1.7)
 6 months follow-up 3.26 (1.14, 5.3–1.5) 3.83 (1.04, 5.9–1.9) 3.57 (1.15, 6.3–1.6)
High-density cholesterol
mmol/L median (SD, range)
 Baseline 1.5 (0.54, 3.1–0.9) 1.4 (0.52, 2.9–0.5) 1.5 (0.36, 2.4–1.0)
 3 months follow-up 1.5 (0.56, 2.7–0.9) 1.5 (0.60, 2.8–0.4) 1.5 (0.32, 2.1–0.9)
 6 months follow-up 1.5 (0.55, 2.7–0.9) 1.4 (0.64, 2.9–0.4) 1.4 (0.27, 2.3–0.9)
Triglycerides mmol/L median (SD, range)
 Baseline 1.2 (0.97, 5.1–0.4) 1.6 (1.14, 5.2–0.5) 1.4 (0.70, 3.2–0.7)
 3 months follow-up 1.25 (0.68, 3–0.5) 1.4 (1.13,4.9–0.8) 1.5 (0.62, 3.2–0.7)
 6 months follow-up 1.3 (0.87, 4.1–0.4) 1.65(1.18, 5.8–0.5) 1.4 (0.60,3.2–0.7)
Systolic blood pressure
mmHg median (range)
 Baseline 130 (110–160) 120 (80–160) 130 (100–155)
 3 months follow-up 127 (100–150) 122 (104–165) 120 (106–145)
 6 months follow-up 126 (90–160) 129 (102–150) 131 (108–160)
Diastolic blood pressure
mmHg median (range)
 Baseline 80 (64–100) 80 (60–100) 80 (60–90)
 3 months follow-up 80 (60–90) 80 (68–99) 78(60–90)
 6 months follow-up 80 (60–100) 80 (60–100) 80 (60–100)
Leisure-time activityb (min = 0, max = 6) median (range)
 Baseline 1 (1–5) 2 (1–3) 2 (1–4)
 3 months follow-up 3 (1–6) 2 (1–3) 3 (1–6)
 6 months follow-up 3 (1–6) 2 (1–6) 3 (1–6)
Daily activityb(min = 0, max = 7) median (range)
 Baseline 3 (1–7) 3 (1–6) 4 (1–5)
 3 months follow-up 5 (2–7) 3 (1–7) 5 (1–6)
 6 months follow-up 5 (3–7) 4 (1–7) 5 (1–7)
ISIb (min = 0, max = 28) median (range)
 Baseline 8 (0–24) 11 (0–27) 10 (0–21)
 3 months follow-up 7 (0–20) 11 (0–27) 9 (0–27)
 6 months follow-up 6 (0–18) 13 (0–25) 9 (0–18)
FFMQb (min = 29, max = 145) mean (SD)
 Baseline 105.5 (80–129) 105.6 (82–128) 100.6 (89–114)
 3 months follow-up 107.6 (90–125) 103.5 (81–129) 103.8 (92–117)
 6 months follow-up 106.8 (85–132) 102.5 (83–127) 102.8 (87–116)
SRHb (min = 1 max = 5) median (range)
 Baseline 3 (1–4) 3 (2–5) 3 (2–5)
 3 months follow-up 3 (1–4) 3 (2–5) 4 (2–5)
 6 months follow-up 4 (1–4) 4 (2–5) 4 (2–5)
  1. aPercentage of sedentary time and time in different intensity of physical activity per valid day and averaged over the number of valid days, activity monitor measured
  2. bSelf-reported measurements. Data are presented as mean values and standard deviation (SD) for normally distributed variables, and as median and range for variables with skewed distribution and variables based on nominal scales. LIPA light physical activity, MVPA moderate to vigorous physical activity, ISI insomnia severity index, FFMQ five facets of mindfulness questionnaire, SRH self-rated health