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Table 3 Summary of secondary outcomes

From: Continuous erector spinae plane block versus intercostal nerve block in patients undergoing video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery: a pilot randomized controlled trial

Outcome Control Treatment MD (95% CI)
Cumulative opioid consumption (mg) at 24 h, mean ± SD 5.28 ± 4.17
n=12
3.66 ± 2.22
n=12
1.63 (–1.20 to 4.45)
Cumulative opioid consumption (mg) between 24–48 h, mean ± SD 2.61 ± 3.77
n=12
1.89 ± 2.91
n=12
0.72 (–2.14 to 3.57)
Cumulative opioid consumption (mg), at 48 h, mean ± SD 7.89 ± 5.58 5.55 ± 4.44 2.34 (–1.93 to 6.61)
Pain score at resta
 Average pain after 24 h, mean ± SD 3.75 ± 2.18
n=12
3.04 ± 2.90
n=12
0.71 (–1.47 to 2.88)
 Average pain after 48 hr, mean ± SD 3.08 ± 2.42
n=6
1.44 ± 1.95
n=8
1.65 (–0.89 to 4.19)
Pain scores with movementa
 Average pain after 24 h; mean ± SD 5.17 ± 2.61
n=12
5.33 ± 2.88
n=12
–0.17 (–2.49 to 2.16)
 Average pain after 48 h, mean ± SD 4.08 ± 1.69
n=6
2.31 ± 2.56
n=8
1.77 (–0.86 to 4.41)
Adverse event: Catheter migration 0 1  
Adverse event: Catheter disconnection 0 1  
Patient satisfaction, n (%)
 Very satisfied 7 (58.33) 8 (66.67)  
 Satisfied 3 (25.00) 3 (25.00)  
 Neutral 2 (16.67) 1 (8.33)  
Required treatment for nausea and vomiting in PACU, n (%) 1 (8.33) 2 (16.67) .
Required treatment for nausea and vomiting in the first 24 h postoperatively (excluding PACU), n (%) 6 (50) 3 (25) .
  1. aNumerical rating scale, an 11-point scale where 0 is no pain and 10 is the worst pain imaginable. MD mean difference, PACU post-anesthetic care unit