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Table 4 Parental stress related to child illness and child expression of negative emotions (N=223)

From: Development and feasibility testing of a play-based psychosocial intervention for reduced patient stress in a pediatric care setting: experiences from Pakistan

  N (%)
Stress perceived by parents
 The child appearance, e.g., lethargic, weak or pale 6 (2.6)
 Prolongation of hospitalization 9 (3.8)
 The severity of disease 6 (2.6)
 Child’s inability to eat 24 (10.2)
 Uncertainty about future of the child’s medical condition 25 (10.6)
 Fear of relapse 34 (14.5)
 Child irritability and crying 17 (7.2)
 Child’s pain 14 (6)
Emotion/behavior experienced by the child
 Rebellious 50 (21.3)
 Crying 16 (6.8)
 Demanding 42 (17.9)
 Frightened 32 (13.6)
 Anger 27 (11.5)
 Restlessness 58 (24.7)
 In pain 47 (20)
 Sad 94 (40)
 Confused 82 (34.9)
 Inability to talk/cry 49 (20.9)
  1. Results are presented as N (%) for the “extremely stressful” category for parents and “most of the time” for children