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Table 1 Baseline socio-demographic, anthropometric and health-related characteristics of study participants by group (n = 25)

From: Physical Activity Intervention for Loneliness (PAIL) in community-dwelling older adults: a randomised feasibility study

Variable Intervention (n = 12) Control (n = 13)
Age, years 68.4 (5.9) 67.3 (11.5)
Male, n (%) 5 (41.7) 6 (46.2)
Ethnicity, n (%)   
 White 7 (58.3) 11 (84.6)
 Black 2 (16.7) 0 (0)
 Asian 1 (8.3) 1 (7.7)
 Other 2 (16.7) 1 (7.7)
Marital status, n (%)   
 Married 4 (33.3) 2 (15.4)
 Single/never been married 4 (33.3) 4 (30.8)
 Divorced/separated 2 (16.7) 5 (38.5)
 Widowed 2 (16.7) 2 (15.3)
Living alone, n (%) 8 (66.7) 9 (69.2)
Education, n (%)   
 No qualification 2 (16.7) 1 (7.7)
 Secondary education 2 (16.7) 4 (30.8)
 College degree 3 (25) 2 (15.4)
 University degree or higher 5 (41.7) 6 (46.2)
Having children, n (%) 7 (58.3) 10 (76.9)
Not employed /retired, n (%) 10 (83.3) 8 (61.5)
Comorbidities, n (%)   
 0 3 (25) 3 (23.1)
 1 5 (41.7) 2 (15.4)
 ≥ 2 4 (33.3) 8 (61.5)
Physical function (SPPB score ≥ 9 points) 10.3 (1.2) 10.8 (1.0)
Cognitive function (MOCA score ≥ 22 points) 28.3 (1.9) 27.5 (2.4)
Height, m 1.7 (0.1) 1.7 (0.1)
Weight, kg 68.2 (12.8) 68.8 (14.2)
Body mass index, kg/m2 24.7 (3.0) 24.7 (3.4)
Systolic blood pressure, mmHg 128.9 (7.9) 133.1 (16.6)
Diastolic blood pressure, mmHg 75.7 (8.9) 77.9 (11.9)
  1. Values are the mean (SD) unless indicated otherwise
  2. n number; SPPB short physical performance battery, MOCA Montreal Cognitive Assessment scale