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Table 5 Treatments. Proportion of patients who reported they had received listed interventions as part of their treatment in the physiotherapy or chiropractic clinic

From: GLA:D® Back: group-based patient education integrated with exercises to support self-management of persistent back pain — feasibility of implementing standardised care by a course for clinicians

  Before-group After-group GLA:D Back group
Advice about daily activities 30 (59%) 26 (58%) 35 (51%)
Thorough information/education individually 12 (24%) 8 (24%) 28 (40%)
Thorough information/education in a group 13 (27%) 10 (22%) 62 (89%)
Exercise therapy individually 37 (71%) 29 (64%) 32 (48%)
Exercise therapy in a group 14 (29%) 9 (20%) 64 (91%)
Manual therapy 20 (43%) 24 (51%) 22 (33%)
Massage 24 (49%) 18 (42%) 12 (18%)
Passive modalities or needles (e.g. laser, ultrasound, acupuncture) 9 (20%) 9 (20%) 9 (14%)
  1. Before-group participants recruited prior to implementation of GLA:D Back, after-group participants recruited after the implementation