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Table 3 ABHR distribution in intervention villages (n = 5) with participants (N = 55)

From: BabyGel pilot: a pilot cluster randomised trial of the provision of alcohol handgel to postpartum mothers to prevent neonatal and young infant infection-related morbidity in the community

  Via VHW Via pharmacy Overall Difference (95% CI)
Villages assigned 60.0% (3/5) 40.0% (2/5) 100% (5/5) 20 (−67.7:107.7)
Women wished to receive refills (self-reported) 70.9% (39/55) 29.1% (16/55) 100% (55/55) 41.8 (15.4:68.2)
Women actually refilled (self-reported at follow-up) 65.5% (36/55)2 25.5% (14/55)3 90.9% (50/55) 40 (12.4:67.6)
ABHR volume dispensed to women (litres; mean, range) 3.7 (2.8:4.1) 2.5 (2.0: 3.1) 3.1 (2.0: 4.1) 1.2 (1.09:1.31)
ABHR use/day (self-reported; mean, range) 7.0 (6.0:10) 6.2 (5.0:8.1) 6.6 (6.0:10.0) 0.8 (04.46:1.14)
ABHR accountability
 ABHR volume delivered (litres) 40 20 60
 ABHR accounted for (litres) 40 15 55
  1. 1One village had one recruit, who had a stillbirth and did not do any ABHR refills
  2. 2Three mothers did not return for ABHR refills due to either stillbirth (1), study withdrawal (1), or relocation (1)
  3. 3Two mothers did not return for ABHR refills due to stillbirths (2)