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Table 1 Demographic/background characteristics (baseline assessment)

From: BabyGel pilot: a pilot cluster randomised trial of the provision of alcohol handgel to postpartum mothers to prevent neonatal and young infant infection-related morbidity in the community

  Control group Intervention group Both groups combined
Sample size 48 55 103
Age (mean, s.d., range) 24.8 (5.6) [15–37] 25.0 (5.7) [15–38] 24.9 (5.7) [15–38]
Marital status
 Single (n, %) 10 (20.8) 12 (21.8) 22 (21.4)
 Married (n, %) 37 (77.1) 43 (78.2) 80 (77.7)
 Widowed (n, %) 1 (2.1) 0 1 (1.0)
Highest level of education attained
 No formal education (n, %) 2 (4.2) 1 (1.8) 3 (2.9)
 Did not complete primary ed. (n, %) 22 (45.8) 31 (56.4) 53 (51.5)
 Completed primary (PLE) (n, %) 16 (33.3) 15 (27.3) 31 (30.1)
 Completed ordinary (UCE) (n, %) 4 (8.3) 5 (9.1) 9 (8.7)
 Completed advanced (n, %) 3 (6.3) 2 (3.6) 5 (4.9)
 Completed tertiary (n, %) 1 (2.1) 1 (1.8) 2 (1.9)
Primary occupation
 Unemployed (n, %) 6 (12.5) 3 (5.5) 9 (8.7)
 Housewife (n, %) 23 (47.9) 25 (45.5) 48 (46.6)
 Student (n, %) 0 3 (5.5) 3 (2.9)
 Peasant farmer (n, %) 18 (37.5) 20 (36.4) 38 (36.9)
 Businesswoman (n, %) 0 2 (3.6) 2 (1.9)
 Professional (n, %) 1 (2.1) 0 1 (1.0)
 Other (n, %) 0 2 (3.6) (hotel management, teacher) 2 (1.9)
House roof type
 Iron sheet (n, %) 39 (81.3) 52 (94.5) 91 (88.3)
 Grass thatched (n, %) 9 (18.8) 3 (5.5) 12 (11.7)
House floor type (more than one response possible)
 Mud (n, %) 42 (87.5) 49 (89.1) 91 (88.3)
 Brick (n, %) 10 (20.8) 11 (20.0) 21 (20.4)
 Cement/stone/tile (n, %) 5 (10.4) 6 (10.9) 11 (10.7)
 Other (n, %) 1 (2.1) (bricks and mud) 0 1 (1.0)
The main water source for home
 Open water well (n, %) 12 (25.0) 1 (1.8) 13 (12.6)
 Piped and tapped to home (n, %) 1 (2.1) 4 (7.3) 5 (4.9)
 Shared tap/borehole (n, %) 35 (72.9) 50 (90.9) 85 (82.5)
Type of latrine used in home
 No latrine (use bushes) (n, %) 3 (6.3) 8 (14.5) 11 (10.7)
 Non-ventilated pit (n, %) 44 (91.7) 44 (80.0) 88 (85.4)
 Ventilated improved pit (VIP) (n, %) 1 (2.1) 3 (5.5) 4 (3.9)
If latrine, type of handwashing facility
 No facility (n, %) 32 (71.1) 38 (80.9) 70 (76.1)
 Near latrine (n, %) 13 (28.9) 4 (8.5) 17 (18.5)
 Away from latrine (n, %) 0 5 (10.6) 5 (5.4)
Animals/poultry reared/kept (n, %) 45 (93.8) 51 (92.7) 96 (93.2)
 Cows and goats (n, %) 35 (77.8) 37 (72.5) 72 (75.0)
 Poultry (n, %) 41 (91.1) 49 (96.1) 90 (93.8)
 Other (n, %) 12 (26.7) 11 (21.6) 23 (24.0)
  Pigs (n, %) 11 (24.4) 11 (21.6) 22 (22.9)
  Ducks (n, %) 0 1 (2.0) 1 (1.0)
  Rabbits (n, %) 1 (2.2) 0 1 (1.0)
Times (out of 10) hands washed when
 Urinating (median[range]) 5 [0–10] 4 [0–10] 5 [0–10]
  0 (n, %) 8 (16.7) 9 (16.4) 17 (16.5)
  1–4 (n, %) 13 (27.1) 19 (34.5) 32 (31.1)
  5–9 (n, %) 11 (22.9) 12 (21.8) 23 (22.3)
  10 (n, %) 16 (33.3) 15 (27.3) 31 (30.1)
 Defecating (median [range]) 10 [1–10] 10 [4–10] 10 [1–10]
  0 (n, %) 0 0 0
  1–4 (n, %) 9 (18.8) 1 (1.8) 10 (9.7)
  5–9 (n, %) 12 (25.0) 9 (16.4) 21 (20.4)
  10 (n, %) 27 (56.3) 45 (81.8) 72 (69.9)
Last 10 handwashes, used
 Water alone (n, %) 6 (12.5) 7 (12.7) 13 (12.6)
 Water and bar soap (n, %) 42 (87.5) 48 (87.3) 90 (87.4)
Pregnancy planned (n, %) 23 (47.9) 30 (54.5) 53 (51.5)
Existing medical conditions
 Asthma (n, %) 2 (4.2) 0 2 (1.9)
 Cardiac disease (n, %) 0 0 0
 Coagulation disorder (n, %) 0 0 0
 Congenital abnormalities (n, %) 0 0 0
 Diabetes (type 2) (n, %) 1 (2.1) 0 1 (1.0)
 High blood pressure (n, %) 0 0 0
 Malaria (n, %) 6 (12.5) 14 (25.5) 20 (19.4)
 Tuberculosis (n, %) 0 0 0
 HIV
  0 (n, %) 32 (66.7) 39 (70.9) 71 (68.9)
  1 (n, %) 7 (14.6) 8 (14.5) 15 (14.6)
  2 (n, %) 9 (18.8) 8 (14.5) 17 (16.5)
 STD (n, %) 1 (2.1) 0 1 (1.0)
 Other (n, %) 0 0 0