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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the three arms

From: Western medical acupuncture in a group setting for knee osteoarthritis: results of a pilot randomised controlled trial

  ‘group’ (N = 20) ‘individual’ (N = 20) ‘standard’ (N = 20)
Male, n (%) 10 (50) 12 (60) 10 (50)
Age in years (mean, SD) 64.7 (7.7) 65.1 (9.9) 64.9 (10.8)
BMI (mean, SD) 32.0 (8.2) 31.7 (5.1) 31.7 (5.3)
Main activity, n (%)
 Employed 7 (35) 7 (35) 9 (45)
 Housework 0 (0) 0 (0) 1 (5)
 Retired 13 (65) 12 (60) 9 (45)
 Other 0 (0) 1 (0.5) 1 (5)
Pain elsewhere, n (%) 12 (60) 16 (80) 16 (80)
Comorbidities, n (%)
 0 8 (40) 10 (50) 6 (30)
 1 6 (30) 10 (50) 11 (55)
 2 5 (25) 0 (0) 3 (15)
 ≥3 1 (0.5) 0 (0) 0 (0)
Oral NSAIDs
 Currently use n (%) 2 (10) 3 (15) 5 (25)
Exercises: n (%)
 Currently use 10 (50) 4 (20) 8 (40)
  1. Values are n (%) except where stated. % is percent of group
  2. group’ group acupuncture, ‘individual’ individual acupuncture, ‘standard’ standardised advice and exercise booklet only