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Table 1 Behavioural diagnosis using the COM-B model

From: Improving the health-related quality of life of adult Nigerians living with cancer and their family caregivers: intervention development

COM-B component Behavioural diagnosis
Physical capability Physical strength is needed to engage in religious and community activities
A need for physical strength to participate in training and to meet people with similar conditions to share experiences
Psychological capability -Need for socio-spiritual awareness that will dispel myths about cancer and caregiving
Need knowledge of how best to promote healthy behaviour in adults with cancer and family caregivers
Physical opportunity Adults with cancer and family caregivers need the resources that will meet their needs and thereby improve their quality of life
- Adults with cancer and family caregivers have limited time for engagement
Adults with cancer and family caregivers need access to safe environment and facilities
Adults with cancer and their families find ways to overcome any financial and time constraints that prevent them from receiving care
Social opportunity Adults with cancer and family caregivers need social support from friends and family
During the disease/caregiving journey, adults with cancer and family caregivers need opportunities to engage with friends, relatives, and significant others
Adequate support from healthcare providers
Family members encouragement is crucial
Continued maintenance of logistic support from government and society should be encouraged
Social group participation should be encouraged
Reflective motivation Adults with cancer and family caregivers need to develop a habit getting involve in the community events that will promote their quality of life
Adults with cancer and family caregivers need to develop plans for daily/weekly activities and develop a habit of participation
Automatic motivation Adults with cancer and family caregivers need to feel that they want to participate in socio-spiritual activities, and that there may be a sense of pleasure or satisfaction from participation
Family members may feel a sense of duty to set a good example for their cancer-affected loved ones and caregivers, and this may be motivated by a desire to do the best for loved ones
  1. COM-B Capability, opportunity, and motivation behaviour