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Table 3 Description of the comorbidity-adapted exercise program for this feasibility study

From: A mixed-methods feasibility study of a comorbidity-adapted exercise program for low back pain in older adults (COMEBACK): a protocol

Exercise descriptiona Time/dose/repetitions
Global muscle stretching (whole body) 10 min
Comorbidity-adapted exercises 35 min
Muscle strengthening
   • Sit to stand 15 repetitions
   • Chair squats 10 repetitions
   • Standing leg extensions/pulses 10 repetitions/side
   • Bridge 10 repetitions/3-s hold
  Lumbar erectors
   • Isometric seated back extensions 10 repetitions/3-s hold
   • Prone superman (bilateral and alternating unilateral) 5 repetitions/side
  Lower extremity
   • Alternating lunges 5 repetitions/side
   • Crab walk with resistance tubing 15 repetitions/side
   • Standing straight leg abductions (with resistance tubing or isometric) 10 repetitions/side
Muscle stretching/mobilisation
  Lower extremity  
   • Hamstrings, quadriceps, iliopsoas, gluteals 45 s/side
  Lumbar erectors
   • Cat/cow 10 repetitions/2-s hold
   • Cobra 45 s
Core stabilisation
   • Dead bug Dependent on patient ability
   • Quadruped Dependent on patient ability
   • Seated knee raises with core activation 15 repetitions/side
   • Standing/sitting side crunches (weighted) 15 repetitions/side
Balance training
   • Standing on towel (progression with eyes closed) Hold for 15 s each leg (5 repetitions/side)
Aerobic training 15 min
   • Walking on treadmill or cycling Dependent on patient ability/10 min
   • Step ups 5 min
  1. aAdapting the exercise program will include tailoring the exercise frequency, intensity, timing, and exercise type based on the presenting comorbid condition(s)