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Table 2 Overview of resilience intervention session content

From: Adaptability and Resilience in Aging Adults (ARIAA): protocol for a pilot and feasibility study in chronic low back pain

Session Content Home Practice
WK 1: introduction Symptoms and causes of back pain. Rationale for resilience in managing pain. Complete a character strength survey. Record personal strengths.
WK 2: pleasant activities Benefits of gratitude, pleasant activities, and pacing in the context of pain. Complete a log of gratitude practice. Engage in weekly pleasant activities.
WK 3: values-based living Values-based activity and mindfulness practice for pain. Complete a values assessment. Practice mindfulness exercises.
WK 4: hopeful thinking Setting and achieving attainable goals. Using personal strengths to reach goals. Select a goal to achieve. Identify areas in life that inspire hope.
WK 5: positive reappraisal Interpreting stressful events and learning ways to reframe negative situations. Log positive events and situations where reframing was helpful.
WK 6: self-efficacy Discuss methods to enhance self-efficacy. Education on relaxation for stress and pain. Practice diaphragmatic breathing exercise and record stress/pain levels.
WK 7: review Review of skills learned during group. Feedback on group activities and skills. Continue to practice resilience skills after the end of group.