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Table 2 Demographic characteristics and reported income (in Tanzanian shillings) of the study sample

From: Entrepreneurship, beekeeping, and health training to decrease community violence in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania: a pilot study for an intervention trial

Characteristic   Study camps  
Overall (N = 57) All interventions (n = 15) Entrepreneurship (n = 15) Beekeeping (n = 15) Health/Control (n = 12) p value*
  n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)  
Educational attainment       .41
 Primary 24 (42.1) 5 (33.3) 5 (33.3) 8 (53.3) 6 (50.0)
 Secondary 25 (43.9) 8 (53.3) 5 (33.3) 6 (40.0) 6 (50.0)
 Vocational training 5 (8.8) 2 (13.3) 2 (13.3) 1 (6.7) 0 (0.0)
 Diploma 3 (5.3) 0 (0.0) 3 (20.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
Occupation       < .01
 Dependent 5 (8.8) 4 (26.7) 1 (6.7) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
 Unskilled laborer 25 (43.9) 8 (53.3) 6 (40.0) 10 (66.7) 1 (8.3)
 Driver 9 (15.8) 1 (6.7) 0 (0.0) 2 (13.3) 6 (50.0)
 Semiskilled 9 (15.8) 1 (6.7) 4 (26.7) 1 (6.7) 3 (25.0)
 Microbusiness 9 (15.8) 1 (6.7) 4 (26.7) 2 (13.3) 2 (16.7)
Has dependents       .08
 No 22 (38.6) 10 (66.7) 4 (26.7) 5 (33.3) 3 (25.0)
 Yes 35 (61.4) 5 (33.3) 11 (73.3) 10 (66.7) 9 (75.0)
Role in violence       .17
 Victim 3 (5.3) 1 (6.7) 1 (6.7) 1 (6.7) 1 (8.3)
 Participant 14 (24.6) 5 (33.3) 3 (20.0) 2 (13.3) 4 (33.3)
 Witness 15 (26.3) 6 (40.0) 4 (26.7) 1 (6.7) 4 (33.3)
 None reported 25 (43.9) 3 (20.0) 7 (46.7) 11 (73.3) 3 (25.0)
  Mdn (IQR) Mdn (IQR) Mdn (IQR) Mdn (IQR) Mdn (IQR)  
Age (years) 20 (18–24) 18 (18–19) 25 (22–32) 22 (18–25) 18 (17.5–22) < .01
Daily income 5000 (1750–10,000) 5000 (1500–7000) 5000 (0–10,000) 5000 (2000–10,000) 5000 (2000–10,000) .08
Weekly income 21,000 (5000–50,000) 20,000 (4500–45,000) 20,000 (10,000–50,000) 18,000 (0–30,000) 40,000 (14,000–100,000) .02
Asset index 7 (6–7) 6.0 (5–7) 6.0 (6–7) 7.0 (7–8) 6.0 (5–7.5) .17
  1. *Based on Fisher’s exact test or ANOVA. Notes. TzS Tanzanian shilling, IQR interquartile range