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Table 1 ABS-mp and PABS subscales (the last column is specific to this research project which aimed to change participants’ attitudes to back pain)

From: Effects of an e-learning programme on osteopaths’ back pain attitudes: a mixed methods feasibility study

Scale name Subitems Subitem detail Score Predicted direction of change in intervention arm
ABS-mp Personal interaction consists of four factors   
  LS Limitations on sessions, items about practitioners’ policy towards limiting the length of treatment (four items). 28 Unknown
  PS Psychological, items measuring practitioners’ willingness to engage with psychological issues with their patients (four items). 28 Unknown
  CHS Connection to healthcare system, items measuring practitioners’ perception of the health-care system and provision of available services (three items). 21 Unknown
  CC Confidence and concern, items measuring practitioners’ confidence and concern about treatment and clinical limitations in themselves and others (two items). 14 Unknown
  Treatment orientation consists of two factors   
  RA Re-activation, items that concern return to work and to daily activity and increasing mobility (three items). 21
  BM Biomedical; items that concern advice to restrict activities and to be vigilant, and the belief that there is an underlying structural cause of back pain (3 items). 21
PABS Biomedical Practitioner believes in a biomechanical model of disease, where disability and pain are consequences of specific tissue pathology and treatment is aimed at treating the pathology 10
  Behavioural Practitioner believes in a biopsychosocial model of disease, in which pain does not have to be a sign of tissue damage and can be influenced by social and psychological factors 9
  1. Unknown: items that may be influenced by a biopsychosocial training intervention but direction of change currently unknown