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Table 3 Urticaria symptomatology and psychological analysis of participants using three validated survey instruments before (time point 1) and after (time point 2) the 8-week ABT programme

From: Feasibility assessment of an 8-week attention-based training programme in the management of chronic spontaneous urticaria

  Number of participants Time Point 1
Mean (SD)
Time Point 2
Mean (SD)
Urticaria control test
 < 12 = poor control 4 6.7 (3.6) 12.3 (3.3)
DASS
 Depression 4 13.5 (11.9) 6 (6.2)
 Anxiety 4 12.5 (2.3) 8 (3.4)
 Stress 4 21.5 (12.3) 11 (4.7)
PERMA profiler
 Positive emotion 4 5.5 (2.1) 7 (1.3)
 Engagement 4 9.2 (0.5) 7.3 (1.2)
 Relationships 4 6.6 (1.7) 7.6
 Meaning 4 5.7 (2) 7.7 (0.3)
 Accomplishment 4 5.9 (2.2) 7.3 (1)
 Overall wellbeing 4 6.5 (1.5) 7.4 (0.8)
 Negative emotion 4 5.5. (3.1) 3.7 (0.6)
 Health 4 3.8 (1.4) 4.7 (1.2)
 Loneliness 4 3.5 (1.6) 5.5 (1.8)
FFMQ
 Observation skills 4 22.5 (2.7) 25.3 (2.5)
 Describing skills 4 22.5 (3.4) 25.5 (6.1)
 Awareness 4 24.3 (8.7) 27.8 (1.9)
 Non-judgemental 4 23 (10) 29.8 (4)
 Non-reactivity 4 15.8 (6.1) 24.3 (3.3)