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Table 4 Mean scores at baseline and post-intervention for pain outcomes

From: Pain management in inflammatory bowel disease: feasibility of an online therapist-supported CBT-based self-management intervention

Mean (SD) Baseline Post-intervention Paired mean differences 95% CI
n = 16 n = 16
Pain interference (0–10) 5.90 (1.69) 5.03 (1.81) 0.87 − 0.31, 2.06
Pain severity (0–10) 4.92 (0.92) 4.45 (1.83) 0.47 − 0.36, 1.26
Quality of life (30–120) 74.94 (10.38) 82.94 (11.94) − 8.00 − 13.63, − 2.37
Depression (0–27) 14.19 (4.90) 10.69 (6.86) 3.50 0.22, 6.78
Anxiety (0–75) 58.56 (15.31) 52.75 (16.99) 5.81 0.17, 11.45
Pain catastrophising (0–52) 22.73 (9.18) 16.27 (10.42) 6.46 0.95, 11.98
Fear avoidance (0–24) 13.13 (4.21) 12.06 (5.79) 1.07 − 0.79, 2.13
Pain self-efficacy (0–60) 27.25 (6.27) 30.88 (9.62) − 3.63 − 8.41, 1.16
Resilience (0–40) 25.38 (5.06) 25.00 (5.59) 0.38 − 1.99, 2.74
Avoidance resting (0–32) 14.20 (4.80) 11.13 (4.79) 3.07 0.11, 6.02
All or nothing (0–16) 12.93 (4.03) 12.67 (5.27) 0.26 − 2.15, 2.68
IBD control (0–100) 67.31 (15.50) 75.94 (17.99) − 8.63 − 18.06, 0.81
  1. QoL psychological factors and disease activity, paired mean differences and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for paired sample t-test between baseline and post-intervention scores