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Table 2 Intercept (adjusted baseline value) and changes from baseline to 3 and 6 months in the three groups using mixed-effect models. Individuals with at least 4 valid days (600 min activity monitor wear time per day)

From: Effect of mindfulness on physical activity in primary healthcare patients: a randomised controlled trial pilot study

Outcome Adjusted baseline
value
Change from baseline to 3 months Change from baseline to 6 months Overall mean difference between groups over timed
(95% CI)
Sedentary a (percentage)     − 0.75
(− 1.74 ; 0.22)
PAP 66.3 0.5 0.2
Mindfulness 65.8 1.1 1.4
Combination 66.4 − 0.2 − 2.8
LIPA a (percentage)     0.56
(− 0.35 ; 1.47)
PAP 30.9 0.01 0.03
Mindfulness 31.7 − 1.1 − 1.3
Combination 30.5 − 0.9 2.4
MVPAa (percentage)     0.15
(− 0.19 ; 0.48)
PAP 2.9 − 0.5 − 0.2
Mindfulness 2.5 − 0.1 − 0.1
Combination 3.1 1.0 0.2
Leisure time activity (1–6) b     0.23
(− 0.03; 0.49)
PAP 1.67 1.11 1.18
Mindfulness 1.88 − 0.05 0.59
Combination 1.81 1.62 2.00
Daily activity (1–7) b     1.93
(− 0.22; 0.26)
PAP 3.40 1.21 1.09
Mindfulness 3.63 0.39 0.77
Combination 3.42 1.16 1.14
Weight (kg)     0.18
(− 0.32; 0.68)
PAP 90.9 − 1.8 − 2.4
Mindfulness 85.3 − 0. 13 − 0.6
Combination 84.8 − 0.74 − 1.6
SRHc (1–5)     0.8
(− 0.06; 0.21)
PAP 3.2 0.2 0.2
Mindfulness 3.3 0.3 0.3
Combination 3.3 0.4 0.5
  1. aPercentage of mean time measured by activity monitor, LIPA light physical activity, MVPA moderate to vigorous physical activity
  2. bSelf-reported measurements: leisure time activity on a scale from 0 = 0 min per week, 6 ≥ 120 min/week Daily activity on a scale 0 = 0 min per week, 7 ≥ 300 min per week
  3. cSelf-rated health
  4. dinteraction between all three groups and timepoints