Skip to main content

Table 1 Descriptive statistics by group

From: Feasibility of using a biofeedback device in mindfulness training - a pilot randomized controlled trial

  Control (n = 18) Experimental (n = 21) Total (n = 39)
Age (years) 24.9 (7.5) 23.4 (3.6) 24.1 (5.7)
Sex
 Male 11 (61.1%) 10 (47.6%) 21 (53.8%)
 Female 7 (38.9%) 11 (52.4%) 18 (46.2%)
Ethnicity
 White 7 (38.9%) 7 (33.3%) 14 (35.9%)
 Black 2 (9.5%) 2 (5.1%)
 Asian 7 (38.9%) 7 (33.3%) 14 (35.9%)
 Hispanic 3 (16.7%) 4 (19%) 7 (17.9%)
 Other 1 (5.6%) 1 (4.8%) 2 (5.1%)
Grade
 Undergraduate 8 (44.4%) 11 (57.1%) 19 (48.7%)
 Graduate 10 (55.6%) 9 (42.9%) 20 (51.3%)
Income level
 < $34,999 9 (50.0%) 10 (47.6%) 19 (48.7%)
 $35,000–$74,999 4 (22.2%) 6 (28.6%) 10 (25.6%)
 $75,000 + 5 (27.8%) 5 (23.8%) 10 (25.6%)
State-Trait Anxiety Inventory
 State-anxiety
  Male 42.1 (5.3) 48.9 (12.2) 45.3 (9.7)
  Female 45.9 (9.7) 48.8 (13.0) 47.7 (11.6)
 Trait-anxiety
  Male 51.3 (4.6) 50.5 (7.8) 50.9 (6.2)
  Female 51.2 (4.6) 54.0 (10.6) 53.5 (8.8)
  1. Notes. Data are means (SD) or amount (%). Reported State-Trait Anxiety Inventory numbers are only at Pre-testing in order to assess group differences prior to intervention. No group differences were found on any variable