|Executive-loaded task||Dosage||Task progression|
Listening recall |
- Targets verbal ELWM.
- The children listen to a short sentence, judge whether it is true or false, then recall the last word of the sentence
|11 trials (practice items) per session.||The number of to-be-remembered words increases from one word in week one to two words by week 6.|
Odd one out |
- Targets verbal ELWM
- The children look at three pictures in a grid, decide where the odd one out is (left, middle or right), then recall the location of the odd one out picture
|11 trials per session.||The number of to-be-remembered locations increases from one in week one, to three or four by week 6.|
Phoneme awareness [40, 41]|
- Targets the ability to isolate and manipulate sounds in spoken words, e.g., identifying the first sound in a word
|10–15 min per session.||
Difficulty increases from alliterative matching to blending onset and rime.|
Each task progresses from early to late developing phonemes based on typical speech sound development.