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Table 2 Participant demographics and baseline information

From: CardiO Cycle: a pilot feasibility study of in-bed cycling in critically ill patients post cardiac surgery

Patient demographics N = 23 patients
Age in years, median [IQR] 76 [11]
Males, n (%) 18 (78.3%)
Employment status, n (%)
Retired 16 (69.6%)
Employed full-time 2 (8.7%)
Employed part-time 1 (4.3%)
Other/unknown 4 (17.4%)
Surgical procedure, n (%)
Isolated coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) 5 (21.7%)
Single valve repair/replacement 2 (8.7%)
Othera 16 (69.6%)
History of previous cardiac surgery, n (%) 6 (26.1%)
Pre-operative New York Health Association (NYHA) functional classification
NYHA I 7 (30.4%)
NYHA II 3 (13%)
NYHA II 8 (34.8%)
NYHA IV 5 (21.7%)
Pre-operative Canadian Classification Score (CCS)
CCS I 13 (56.5%)
CCS II 5 (21.7%)
CCS III 4 (17.4%)
CCS IV 1 (4.3%)
Pre-operative Functional Independence Measure Scores, mean (SD)b 125.5 (1.5)
Pre-operative Functional Status Score–ICU, mean (SD) 34.9 (0.3)
Pre-operative Clinical Frailty Score
Very fit (1) 1 (4.3%)
Well (2) 9 (39.1%)
Managing well (3) 10 (43.5%)
Vulnerable (4) 2 (8.7%)
Mildly frail (5) 1 (4.3%)
Moderately frail (6) 0 (0%)
Severely frail (7) 0 (0%)
Very severely frail (8) 0 (0%)
Terminally ill (9) 0 (0%)
Pre-operative EuroScore II, median [IQR] 5.4 [7.8]
Number of days mechanically ventilated (routine physiotherapy) 98/150 (65.3%)
Number of days mechanically ventilated (cycling) 104/136 (76.5%)
ICU length of stay (days), median [IQR] 13 [21]
Hospital length of stay (days), median [IQR] 21 [29]
ICU mortality, n (%) 8 (34.8%)
Hospital mortality, n (%) 1 (4.3%)
Discharge location of surviving participants from hospital, n (%)
Home 4 (28.6%)
In-patient rehabilitation 4 (28.6%)
Repatriation to home hospital 6 (42.9%)
  1. aMaximum FIM Score 126.0
  2. bOther surgeries include CABG plus valve replacement/repair, type A dissection repair, aortic root resection, double valve replacement/repair, Bentall’s procedure