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Table 2 Overview of the categories on what is healthy eating

From: An exploration of perceptions and preferences for healthy eating in Dutch consumers: a qualitative pilot study

Major categories (n, %) Categories Examples Frequencies (answers; %)a Frequencies (pp; %)b
Dietary patterns (52, 12.5%) Balanced Varied; balanced 22 (5.3) 19 (24.4)
Amount Right amount; moderated 21 (5.1) 19 (24.4)
Guidelines Wheel of Five 5 (1.2) 5 (6.4)
Type of eater Vegetarian; vegan 4 (1.0) 4 (5.1)
Food processing (79, 19.0%) Organic/sustainable Unprocessed; biological 42 (10.1) 31 (39.7)
Preparation of food Healthy preparation; fresh; no pre-prepared food 37 (8.9) 27 (34.6)
Food product (148, 35.7%) Vegetables Vegetables; legumes 46 (11.1) 42 (53.9)
Fruit Fruit 39 (9.4) 39 (50.0)
Meat Not too much meat; chicken 15 (3.6) 14 (18.0)
Drinks A lot of water; herb tea 13 (3.1) 11 (14.1)
Nuts Nuts; seeds 12 (2.9) 8 (10.3)
(Specific) food products Eggs; dairy 11 (2.7) 10 (12.8)
Fish Fish 7 (1.7) 7 (9.0)
Grain products Bread; grains 5 (1.2) 5 (6.4)
Content/nutrient (116, 28.0%) Carbohydrates Fast carbs; no sugar 32 (7.7) 18 (35.9)
Fat Good fats; low in fat 27 (6.5) 25 (32.1)
Fibers Rich of fibers 15 (3.6) 15 (19.2)
Salt Little salt 14 (3.4) 14 (18.0)
Vitamins/minerals Vitamins 10 (2.4) 10 (12.8)
Nutrient Nutrients; nutritional value 7 (1.7) 7 (9.0)
Protein Proteins 7 (1.7) 7 (9.0)
Calories Few calories 4 (1.0) 4 (5.1)
Non-food (20, 4.8%) Lifestyle Exercising 10 (2.4) 10 (12.8)
Others Development in the food industry 8 (1.9) 8 (10.3)
Hype/claims Do not follow hypes 2 (0.5) 2 (2.6)
  1. Owing to rounding, percentages do not always add up to 100%
  2. aIn this column, it can be found how often this category was mentioned in all answers (n = 415)
  3. bIn this column, it can be found by how many participants a particular category was mentioned (n = 78)