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Table 2 Summary statistics of participants’ clinical and demographic data at baseline

From: Balance Right in Multiple Sclerosis (BRiMS): a feasibility randomised controlled trial of a falls prevention programme

Number of participants (%) Usual care
N = 26
BRiMS
N = 30
Total
N = 56
Age (years)
 Mean (SD) 60.0 (8.5) 58.7 (10.8) 59.3 (9.7)
 [Min–max] [46.0–81.0] [34.0–80.0] [34.0–81.0]
Gender
 Male 9 (34.6) 10 (33.3) 19 (33.9)
 Female 17 (65.4) 20 (66.7) 37 (66.1)
Living arrangementsc
 Alone 9 (34.6) 7 (23.3) 16 (28.6)
 Spouse/partner 15 (57.7) 19 (63.3) 34 (60.7)
 Parent/s 1 (3.8) 2 (6.7) 3 (5.4)
 Child/ren 4 (15.4) 4 (13.3) 8 (14.3)
 Other   1 (3.3) 1 (1.8)
Occupation status
 Unemployed 1 (3.8) 2 (6.7) 3 (5.4)
 Part-time work 4 (15.4) 2 (6.7) 6 (10.7)
 Full-time work 2 (7.7) 1 (3.3) 3 (5.4)
 Age retired 5 (19.2) 5 (16.7) 10 (17.9)
 Medically retired 14 (53.8) 19 (63.3) 33 (58.9)
EDSSb
 Median (LQ-UQ) 6.0 (6.0–6.5) 6.5 (6.0–6.5) 6.3 (6.0–6.5)
  [Min-max] [4.0–7.0] [6.0–7.0] [4.0–7.0]
Cognition: SDMTc
 Mean (SD)
  [Min–max]
44.5 (15.1)
[7.0–77.0]
39.1 (10.9)
[20.0–60.0]
41.6 (13.2)
[7.0–77.0]
Incontinence (previous 4 weeks)
 Not at all 14 (53.8) 13 (43.3) 27 (48.2)
 Once 1 (3.8) 3 (10) 4 (7.1)
 2 to 4 times 3 (11.5) 7 (23.3) 10 (17.9)
 >Weekly 5 (19.2) 3 (10) 8 (14.3)
 Daily 3 (11.5) 4 (13.3) 7 (12.5)
Three-month fall history
 Not fallena   1 (3.3) 1 (1.8)
 Twice 7 (26.9) 5 (16.7) 12 (21.4)
 3–5 times 11 (42.3) 13 (43.3) 24 (42.9)
 More often 8 (30.8) 11 (36.7) 19 (33.9)
Indoor walking aidsc
 1 stick/crutch 9 (34.6) 13 (43.3) 22 (39.3)
 2 sticks/crutches 5 (19.2) 4 (13.3) 9 (16.1)
 Walker/frame 8 (30.8) 12 (40) 20 (35.7)
 Wheelchair 4 (15.4) 4 (13.3) 8 (14.3)
Outdoor walking aidsc
 1 stick/crutch 17 (65.4) 18 (60) 35 (62.5)
 2 sticks/crutches 10 (38.5) 7 (23.3) 17 (30.4)
 Walker/frame 9 (34.6) 14 (46.7) 23 (41.1)
 Wheelchair 12 (46.2) 15 (50) 27 (48.2)
Number of medications
 Median (LQ–UQ) 4 (2–7) 5 (2–7) 4 (2–7)
  [Min–Max] [0–10] [0–17] [0–17]
Current co-morbiditiesc
 COPD/asthma 1 (3.8) 2 (6.7) 3 (5.4)
 Coronary heart disease/hypertension 1 (3.8) 1 (3.3) 2 (3.6)
 Depression/anxiety 4 (15.4) 7 (23.3) 11 (19.6)
 Diabetes 1 (3.8) 1 (3.3) 2 (3.6)
 Migraine 3 (11.5) 1 (3.3) 4 (7.1)
 Osteoarthritis 3 (11.5) 6 (20) 9 (16.1)
 Osteoporosis 5 (19.2) 2 (6.7) 7 (12.5)
 Other 10 (38.5) 11 (36.7) 21 (37.5)
 Other neurological condition 1 (3.8) 1 (3.3) 2 (3.6)
  1. aThere was no option for participants to report falling once
  2. bExpanded disability status scale; SDMT symbol digit modalities test
  3. c Participants could enter in multiple options; therefore percentages may not add up to 100