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Table 3 Health Action Process Approach (HAPA) constructs mapped within the Healthy Eating and Active Lifestyle After Bowel programme

From: Healthy Eating and Active Lifestyle After Bowel Cancer (HEAL ABC): feasibility randomised controlled trial protocol

Construct Implementation in HEAL ABC programme Construct's description
Action self-efficacy Get ready page in the booklet—how confident are you about making this change? Participants believe in their own ability to improve their diet and to become more active.
Outcome expectancies Get ready page in the booklet—why do you want to make this change? Participants believe they will benefit from changing their behaviour and achieve positive outcomes when taking part in the HEAL ABC programme.
Risk perception Get ready page in the booklet—why do you want to make this change? Participants believe there will be negative consequences if they do not change their dietary habits and activity level.
Action planning Action plan page in the booklet—creating a specific action plan Participants are supported to identify opportunities to incorporate new eating habit(s) and activity(s) into their everyday lives.
Coping planning Get ready page in the booklet—if things do not go as you plan, what steps will you take to make sure you stick to your plan? Participants are supported to identify barriers and make plans to address them.
Coping self-efficacy Motivational interviewing during the phone calls Participants believe in their capacity to continue with a new behaviour even when barriers arise.
Recovery self-efficacy Motivational interviewing during the phone calls Participants believe they can return to their new behaviour even when they disengaged with their new activities for a long period.