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Table 3 Intention-to-treat analysis of differences in change between baseline and follow-up between and within groups

From: Vestibular rehabilitation for persons with stroke and concomitant dizziness—a pilot study

  Between-group differences, intervention (n = 19) versus control (n = 13) Within-group differences in the intervention group
n = 19
Within-group differences in the control group
n = 13
Measure Median change (CI) for median change p value for median change* Median change (CI) for median change p value for median change Median change (CI) for median change p value for median change
ABC 0.00 (0.00–8.44) 0.705 0.00 (− 0.55–2.80) 0.279 0.00 (0.00–16.07) 0.484
BBS 0.00 (− 4.00–0.00) 0.734 0.00 (0.00–3.00) 0.361 0.00 (− 2.00–6.00) 0.154
FGA 0.00 (0.00–1.00) 0.484 0.00 (0.00–0.00) 0.683 0.00 (0.00–2.00) 0.345
EQ5D index 0.07 (0.06–0.16) 0.483 0.08 (0.06–0.20) 0.001 0.06 (0.04–0.14) 0.005
EQ5D VAS 5.00 (0.00–20.00) 0.850 5.00 (0.00–15.00) 0.003 2.00 (0.00–21.00) 0.036
  1. ABC Activities-specific Balance Confidence Scale, BBS Berg Balance Scale, FGA Functional Gait Assessment, EQ5D index EuroQol 5 Dimension index, EQ5D VAS EuroQol 5 Dimension Visual Analogue Scale
  2. *p values calculated by the Mann-Whitney U test