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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of study participants (n = 12)

From: A single-arm feasibility study of community-delivered Baduanjin (Qigong practice of the eight Brocades) training for frail older adults

Demographics Mean (SD) or frequency (%)
Age 77.1 (5.9)a
Gender  
 Female 9 (75)b
 Male 3 (25)
Race/Ethnicity  
 Chinese 12 (100)
Education  
 No formal education 3 (25)
 Primary school 2 (16.7)
 Secondary school 7 (58.3)
Living status  
 With family 11 (91.7)
 Alone 1 (8.3)
Marital status  
 Married 11 (91.7)
 Single 1 (8.3)
Smoking status  
 Non-smoker 11 (91.7)
 Ex-smoker 1 (8.3)
Alcohol intake  
 Non-alcohol 11 (91.7)
 Regular 1 (8.3)
Falls in past 6 month 4 (33.3)
Frailty Status (Fried criteria)  
 Prefrail 10 (83.3)
 Frail 2 (16.7)
BMI 26 (3.7)
Comorbidities 2.8 (2)
 Hypertension 11 (91.7)
 Diabetes 6 (50)
 Hyperlipidemia 5 (41.7)
 Arthritis 4 (33.3)
 Heart disease 3 (25)
Mobility aids 6 (50)
 Independent 6 (50)
 Canes 3 (25)
 Mobility walker 1 (8.3)
 Wheelchair 2 (16.7)
  1. BMI body mass index
  2. aData are presented as mean (standard deviation) for all such values
  3. bData are presented as frequency (%) for all such values