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Table 3 Change in group outcome measures after the intervention (with 95% confidence intervals)

From: Combining cognitive stimulation therapy and fall prevention exercise (CogEx) in older adults with mild to moderate dementia: a feasibility randomised controlled trial

  CST
n = 9
CogEx
n = 11
MoCA 1.2 (− 1.0, 3.5) − 0.6 (− 2.2, 0.9)
GDS-15 0.1 (− 2.2, 2.5) − 0.3 (− 1.8, 1.3)
QoL: AD 0 (− 2.4, 2.4) 0.5 (− 2.1, 3.0)
ADAS-Cog 11 − 1.1 (− 6.7, 4.6) − 0.3 (− 2.7, 2.2)
Brief BESTest 1.3 (− 1.5, 4.2) 1.0 (− 1.1, 3.1)
SPPB
 Balance score 0.4 (− 1.0, 1.8) 0.1 (− 0.5, 0.7)
 Gait score − 0.3 (− 1.4, 0.7) − 0.2 (− 0.6, 0.2)
 Chair stand score 0.4 (− 0.2, 1.1) − 0.1 (− 0.6, 0.4)
 Total score 0.6 (− 0.9, 2.0) − 0.2 (− 1.0, 0.6)
  1. MoCA Montreal Cognitive Assessment (positive difference = improvement); GDS-15 Geriatric Depression Scale–15 (a negative difference = improvement); QoL AD quality of life: Alzheimer’s disease (a positive difference = improvement); ADAS-Cog 11 Alzheimer’s Disease Assessment Scale—Cognitive 11 (a negative difference = improvement); Brief BESTest Brief Balance Evaluation Systems Test (a positive difference = improvement); SPPB Short Form Physical Performance Battery (a positive difference = improvement)