Skip to main content

Table 2 Model estimated between program differences across weekdays attended

From: The impact of summer programming on the obesogenic behaviors of children: behavioral outcomes from a quasi-experimental pilot trial

  Healthy Summer Learners (n = 51) versus control (n = 43) 21st Century Learning (n = 57) versus control (n = 43)
Hypothesis 1
Weekday attend vs. weekday control
Est 95% CI HR HS Est 95% CI HR HS
Physical activity
 Sedentary (min) − 134.7 (− 194.9, − 74.4) Support − 138.3 (− 205.9, − 70.6) Support
 MVPA (min) 54.8 (34.7, 75.0) + Support 22.7 (4.5, 40.8) + Support
 Total steps 6533.3 (5321.9, 7744.6) + Support 3532.0 (2332.6, 4731.4) + Support
Sleep
 Sleep duration (min) − 13.6 (− 39.9, 12.8) + Null − 13.0 (− 35.5, 9.4) + Null
 Sleep onset − 156.6 (− 193.3, − 120.2) Support − 139.7 (− 173.3, − 105.6) Support
 I-I SD for sleep onset − 97.8 (− 142.9, − 52.8) Support − 86.4 (− 134.2, − 38.7) Support
 Sleep offset − 150.2 (− 215.0, − 86.0) Support − 150.5 (− 211.7, − 89.8) Support
 I-I SD for sleep offset − 99.0 (− 129.4, − 68.5) Support − 71.6 (− 114.2, − 29.0) Support
Screen time
 Total screen time (min) − 64.2 (− 112.0, − 16.3) Support − 38.6 (− 84.7, 7.5) Null
 Screen time after 20:00 h (min) − 21.0 (− 52.8, 10.8) Null − 21.0 (− 46.6, 4.7) Null
Diet
 Healthy foods/drinks 0.08 (− 0.28, 0.43) + Null − 0.08 (− 0.44, 0.28) + Null
 Unhealthy foods/drinks − 0.80 (− 1.45, −0.16) Support − 0.39 (− 1.05, 0.26) Null
  1. Abbreviations: HR hypothesized relationship, HS hypothesized support (i.e., did the relationship support the hypothesis), HSL Healthy Summer Learners, 21C 21st Century Summer Learning Center, I-I intra-individual; estimates are based on multilevel mixed effects linear regressions with days nested within children, all estimates represent combined data from schools 1 and 2 (i.e., summer 2018 and 2019); bolded values indicated a statistically significant difference at p < 0.05. Support indicates statistically significant difference in the hypothesized direction or no statistically significant difference when no difference was hypothesized, Null indicates no statistically significant difference despite a hypothesis that means should differ, and Conflict indicates statistically significant difference that is contrary to the hypothesized relationship