Skip to main content

Table 3 Summary of patient questionnaire data (n = 423)

From: Increasing uptake of structured self-management education programmes for type 2 diabetes in a primary care setting: a feasibility study

CharacteristicNmissing valuesMean (SD)
Age, years668.3 (11.1)
 CategoriesN(%)
Recruitment sourceGeneral practitioner64 (15.1)
Postal invite359 (84.9)
SexMale243 (57.5)
Female179 (42.3)
Missing1 (0.2)
EthnicityWhite385 (91.0)
South Asian21 (5.0)
Black8 (1.9)
Other6 (1.4)
Missing3 (0.7)
Time since type 2 diabetes diagnosis< 12 months19 (4.5)
1 to 3 years29 (6.9)
4 to 10 years146 (34.5)
> 10 years220 (52.0)
Missing9 (2.1)
HbA1c measured in the last 12 monthsYes392 (92.7)
No13 (3.1)
Do not know16 (3.8)
Missing2 (0.5)
HbA1c result, mmol/mol≤ 53 (≤ 7%)136 (32.2)
54–69 (7.1–8.5%)82 (19.4)
70–86 (8.6–10.0%)19 (4.5)
≥ 87 (≥ 10.1%)8 (1.9)
Missing178 (42.1)
Diabetes medicationNone (diet and lifestyle)97 (22.9)
DPP-IV7 (1.7)
GLP-I1 (0.2)
Insulin24 (5.7)
Metformin145 (34.3)
SGLT-21 (0.2)
Sulphonylurea10 (2.4)
Multiple diabetes medications121 (28.6)
Other0 (0.0)
Missing17 (4.0)
Ever referred to SSMENo158 (37.4)
Yes241 (57.0)
Do not know14 (3.3)
Missing10 (2.4)
Date of SSME referral≤ 1 year55 (13.0)
> 1 year166 (39.2)
Do not know5 (1.2)
Missing197 (46.6)
Ever attended group SSMENo211 (49.9)
Yes190 (44.9)
Missing22 (5.2)
Type of SSME attendedN/A233 (55.1)
Unknown20 (4.7)
DESMOND72 (17.0)
Juggle53 (12.5)
Tonic1 (0.2)
Other21 (5.0)
Missing22 (5.2)
Date of SSME attendance≤ 1 year29 (6.9)
> 1 year116 (27.4)
Missing278 (65.7)
Re-invited if did not attendNo128 (30.3)
Yes11 (2.6)
Missing284 (67.1)
Reason for not attending SSMELack of information2 (0.5)
Lack of perceived benefit16 (3.8)
Unsuitable time5 (1.2)
Suitable transport unavailable3 (0.7)
Othera33 (7.8)
Rather not say1 (0.2)
Missing363 (85.8)
Ever attended one-to-one SSMENo372 (87.9)
Yes21 (5.0)
Do not know15 (3.6)
Missing15 (3.6)
Ever attended online SSMENo403 (95.3)
Yes8 (1.9)
Do not know2 (0.5)
Missing10 (2.4)
Would you attend SSME if invited?No99 (23.4)
Yes299 (70.7)
Missing25 (5.9)
Reason for not wanting to attend if invitedLack of information1 (0.2)
Lack of perceived benefit24 (5.7)
Unsuitable time3 (0.7)
Suitable transport unavailable9 (2.1)
Otherb44 (10.4)
Rather not say1 (0.2)
Missing341 (80.6)
Preferred formatGroup103 (24.4)
One-to-one122 (28.8)
Online64 (15.1)
Group/one-to-one39 (9.2)
Group/online9 (2.1)
One-to-one/online7 (1.7)
Any12 (2.8)
Missing67 (15.8)
  1. SD standard deviation, SSME structured self-management education
  2. aThese reasons are listed in Additional File 4
  3. bThese reasons are listed in Additional File 5