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Table 2 12-week group differences between intervention and control groups in anthropometric, health-related, physical activity and psychosocial outcomes from baseline

From: Physical Activity Intervention for Loneliness (PAIL) in community-dwelling older adults: a randomised feasibility study

Variables Mean (SD) Difference (95% CI)
Intervention (n = 12) Control (n = 13)
Height, m 1.7 (0.1) 1.7 (0.1) − 0.0 (− 0.1 to 0.1)
Weight, kg 67.9 (12.6) 68.4 (14.2) − 0.5 (− 11.6 to 10.7)
BMI, kg.m-2 24.3 (2.8) 24.5 (3.5) − 0.2 (− 2.9 to 2.4)
SBP, mmHg 123.3 (8.3) 129.9 (13.8) − 6.6 (− 16.1 to 2.9)
DBP, mmHg 74.1 (8.9) 74.5 (9.6) − 0.4 (− 8.1 to 7.3)
Loneliness 18.1 (5.2) 18.6 (5.2) − 0.5 (− 4.8 to 3.8)
Social support 63.9 (19.8) 59.8 (20.7) 4.1 (− 12.7 to 20.9)
LSN (total) 15.4 (5.0) 12.0 (6.3) 3.4 (− 1.3 to 8.2)
LSN (family) 6.9 (4.4) 5.9 (3.8) 1.0 (− 2.4 to 4.4)
LSN (friends) 8.5 (2.5) 6.1 (4.9) 2.4 (− 0.9 to 5.7)
Depression 6.5 (3.0) 5.5 (3.8) 1.0 (− 1.8 to 3.9)
Anxiety 6.9 (3.3) 7.4 (3.7) − 0.5 (− 3.4 to 2.5)
SEE 7.1 (1.7) 5.2 (2.2) 1.9 (0.3 to 3.6)
SSC 6.5 (3.1) 5.3 (3.6) 1.2 (− 1.7 to 4.1)
Expected outcomes 3.8 (1.1) 3.9 (0.8) − 0.1 (− 0.9 to 0.7)
Barriers for exercise 2.6 (0.9) 2.9 (1.0) − 0.3 (− 1.0 to 0.5)
Time lying/sitting (h) 16.8 (1.9) 17.1 (1.8) − 0.3 (− 1.8 to 1.2)
Time standing (h) 5.5 (1.5) 5.1 (1.6) 0.5 (− 0.9 to 1.7)
Time stepping (h) 1.9 (0.7) 1.8 (0.7) 0.1 (− 0.6 to 0.7)
Step counts 9067.5 (4355.7) 8575.6 (4117.5) 491.9 (− 3013.6 to 3997.5)
Sit to stand transitions (n) 45.3 (10.6) 60.3 (14.6) − 15.0 (− 25.7 to − 4.4)
Energy Equivalent (METs/h) 34.4 (1.7) 34.1 (1.6) 0.3 (− 1.1 to 1.7)
  1. BMI body mass index, DBP diastolic blood pressure, n number, SBP systolic blood pressure, SEE self-efficacy for exercise; SSC satisfaction with social contacts, LSN Lubben’s social networks