Skip to main content


Table 1 Key outcome measures including domains of the RE-AIM framework [54]

From: Feasibility of alcohol screening and brief intervention in primary health care in Kazakhstan: study protocol of a pilot cluster randomised trial

DimensionOutcome measuresAssessment tool and evaluation method
Feasibility- Rate of eligibility: percentage of eligible participants recruitedCase-report form; descriptive statistics
- Participation and retention at 3 months follow-up: percentage of enrolled participants retained at 3 months
Reach- Proportion of patients screened at baseline
Numerator: Total number of completed screens
Denominator: Total number of all patients eligible for screening
- Proportion of consulting patients intervened at baseline
Numerator: Total number of screen-positive patients receiving advice
Denominator: Total number of patients screened positive
Effectiveness- Change in AUDIT-C score between baseline and follow-up amongst patients with risky, hazardous or harmful drinking
Adoption- Proportion of staff invited that participated
Numerator: Total number of participating physicians
Denominator: Total number of primary care physicians invited
- Description and representativeness of staff who delivered the screening and advice (PHC provider level)
Implementation- Quality and consistency of the delivery of ASBI given (PHC provider level; patient level) measured by quantitative interviews, provider focus groupsProvider questionnaire; provider focus groups;
descriptive statistics and qualitative data analyses (content and narrative analyses)
- Implementation determinants (barriers, facilitators) of ASBI delivery (PHC provider, Patient level) collected by quantitative interviews, provider focus groups
- Cost of intervention: Average time spent in minutes per patient for screening and for brief intervention.
Maintenance- Potential extent to which the intervention package becomes institutionalised (PHC provider level; patient level) collected by quantitative interviews, provider focus groups