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Table 1 Percentage of simulated pilot studies, estimating differing true standardized effect sizes, in which a main trial would be favoured when the observed point estimate exceeded the minimum important difference (0.25). One hundred thousand simulations were performed for each scenario [22]

From: Should treatment effects be estimated in pilot and feasibility studies?

  True standardized effect size
Below MID Above MID
0.00 0.20 0.50 0.80
Pilot studies (%) indicating progression to main trial 19 43 81 97