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Table 1 Characteristics of study population at baseline

From: Clinical comparative effectiveness of acupuncture versus manual therapy treatment of lateral epicondylitis: feasibility randomized clinical trial

Variable Total (N = 36) Exercise alone (N = 11) Acupuncture (N = 13) Manual therapy (N = 12)
Age (years) Mean (SD) 49 (11) 47 (3) 51 (4) 49 (2)
Female   15 (42) 6 (55) 6 (46) 3 (25)
Higher education*   29 (81) 8 (73) 10 (76) 11 (92)
Type of work
 - Manual   12 (33) 5 (45) 5 (38) 2 (16)
 - Office   24 (67) 6 (55) 8 (62) 10 (83)
Work status
 - Paid work   30 (82) 10 (90) 10 (77) 11 (92)
 - Sick leave   2 (6) 1 (8) 1 (8)
 - Student   2 (6)
 - Retired   1 (3)
 - Unemployed   1 (3)
Previous treatment
 - Cortisone injections   6 (17) 1 (9) 2 (15) 3 (25)
Pain intensity** Mean (SD) 4.3 (1.3) 4.8 (1.3) 3.9 (1.3) 4.1 (1.3)
Functional capacity of arm*** Mean (SD) 30.5 (14.2) 29.2 (14.4) 30.5 (14.2) 31.7 (15.2)
  1. Values are numbers (percentages) unless otherwise stated
  2. *College or university degree (3 years or more)
  3. **NRS (0–10). 0 = no pain, 10 = worst pain. Unadjusted mean
  4. ***Quick-DASH (0–100). A higher score indicates greater disability. Unadjusted mean