Skip to main content

Table 1 Baseline characteristics, disease severity, and recovery of patients presenting with CAP: October–December 2016

From: Patient-reported outcome measurement in community-acquired pneumonia: feasibility of routine application in an elderly hospitalized population

 Consenting participants*Declined participation or excluded*
(n = 44)(n = 38)
DemographicsAge (years)73.5 [63.0–80.0]77 [72.0–84.0]
Males23 (52.3%)23 (60.1%)
NESB5 (11.4%)18 (47.4%)
Aged care resident4 (9.1%)7 (18.4%)
Lives alone3 (6.8%)10 (26.3%)
Premorbid health statusCCMI ≥ 714 (31.8%)15 (39.5%)
Anxiety/depression7 (15.9%)7 (18.4%)
Chronic pulmonary disease26 (59.1%)18 (47.4%)
CCF9 (20.5%)9 (23.7%)
Diabetes16 (36.4%)16 (42.1%)
Dementia1 (2.2%)7 (18.4%)
Malnutrition (MST score ≥ 2)11 (25.0%)15 (39.4%)
Walks without assistance43 (97.7%)30 (78.9%)
Disease severity and complicationsCURB-65 ≥ 319 (43.2%)19 (50.0%)
ICU admission0 (0%)4 (10.5%)
Acute cardiac event5 (11.4%)8 (21.1%)
Exacerbation CCF7 (15.9%)5 (13.2%)
Acute confusion1 (2.2%)10 (26.3%)
RecoveryLOS (days)4 [3–5]4 [3–6]
30-day readmission3 (6.8%)6 (15.8%)
In hospital mortality0 (0%)1 (2.6%)
Death within 30 days1 (2.3%)3 (7.9%)
  1. Abbreviations: CAP community-acquired pneumonia, CCF congestive cardiac failure, CCMI Charlson Comorbidity Index, LOS length of hospital stay, MST score Malnutrition Screening Tool, NESB non-English speaking background (patient may or may not also be proficient in English)
  2. *All data presented are median (interquartile range) or count (percentage)
  3. Walks without assistance: may use a gait aid but does not require the assistance of another person
  4. CURB-65 score comprised of confusion, urea > 7 mmol/L, respiratory rate ≥ 30 per minute, blood pressure < 90 mmHg systolic, ≤ 60 mmHg diastolic, and age ≥ 65 years