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Table 1 Characteristics of people who declined and approved to participate

From: Cognitive behavioural therapy and mindfulness for relatives of missing persons: a pilot study

  People who declined to participate in the study (n = 43) Participants who signed up for the study (n = 20) Odds ratio (95% CI)
Gender (0 = male), N (%) 11 (25.6) 6 (30.0) 0.80 (0.25–2.60)
Age, M (SD) 60.62 (13.12) 54.40 (12.79) 0.97 (0.93–1.01)
Educational level (0 = low to moderate), N (%) 24 (55.8) 10 (50.0) 1.26 (0.44–3.66)
Kinship (0 = missing person is child/spouse), N (%) 22 (51.2) 9 (45.0) 1.28 (0.44–3.71)
Time since disappearance in years, M (SD) 12.68 (14.60) 11.35 (15.78) 0.99 (0.96–1.03)
Fate missing person (0 = criminal act) vs, N (%) 13 (30.2) 4 (20.0)  
 Voluntarily 12 (27.9) 5 (25.0) 1.35 (0.29–6.26)
 Accident 9 (20.9) 5 (25.0) 1.81 (0.38–8.64)
 No (specific) presumption 9 (20.9) 6 (30.0) 2.17 (0.47–9.95)
Believe about whereabouts (0 = he/she is dead) vs, N (%) 26 (60.5) 9 (45.0)  
 doubt whether he/she is alive 11 (25.6) 5 (25.0) 1.31 (0.36–4.82)
 he/she is alive 6 (14.0) 6 (30.0) 2.89 (0.74–11.28)
Received previous professional support due to the disappearance (0 = no) 20 (46.5) 10 (50.0) 0.87 (0.30–2.51)
PCBD level, M (SD) 33.53 (11.70) 34.96 (12.01) 1.01 (0.97–1.06)
MDD level, M (SD) 21.81 (11.89) 33.05 (12.46) 1.08 (1.02–1.13)**
PTSD level, M (SD) 27.27 (15.97) 38.19 (13.62) 1.05 (1.01–1.09)*
  1. PCBD persistent complex bereavement disorder, MDD major depressive disorder, PTSD posttraumatic stress disorder, Exp. (B) odds ratio, 95% CI 95% confidence interval
  2. *p < .05
  3. **p < .01