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Table 3 Clinician characteristics and outcomes

From: GLA:D® Back: group-based patient education integrated with exercises to support self-management of persistent back pain — feasibility of implementing standardised care by a course for clinicians

  n (%) (unless other specified)
Age, mean (range) 41 (26–58)
Female 17 (55%)
Physiotherapist 25 (81%)
Chiropractor 6 (19%)
Clinic owner 9 (30%)
Self-employed in a clinic own by someone else 11 (37%)
Employee 10 (33%)
Clinical experience
 0–5 years 9 (29%)
 6–10 years 7 (23%)
 11–20 years 9 (29%)
 > 20 years 6 (19%)
Previous experience with GLA:D for knee/hip
 No experience 4 (14%)
 Have referred to GLA:D in house 16 (55%)
 Have referred to GLA:D in another clinic 3 (10%)
 Have instructed GLA:D groups 6 (21%)
Evaluation of the course, median (range)
 Content (0–10) 9 (6–10)
 Usability (0–10) 9 (6–10)
 Novelty (0–10) 7 (2–10)
Overall impression of the GLA:D Back programme
 Very good 11 (38%)
 Good 14 (48%)
 Neither good nor bad 4 (14%)
 Bad 0
 Very bad 0
Satisfaction with patient education materials#
 Very satisfied 6 (32%)
 Satisfied 11 (58%)
 Neither satisfied nor dissatisfied 2 (10%)
 Dissatisfied 0
 Very dissatisfied 0
Satisfaction with the exercise programme #
 Very satisfied 4 (21%)
 Satisfied 12 (63%)
 Neither satisfied nor dissatisfied 1 (5%)
 Dissatisfied 2 (11%)
 Very dissatisfied 0
Practitioner Confidence Scale (4–20), median (IQR)
 Before course 16 (13–17)
 At 4 months 16 (15–18)
PABS biomedical before course (10–60), median (IQR) 30 (29–36)
PABS biomedical at 4 months (10–60), median (IQR) 27 (23–32)
PABS behavioural before course (9–54), median (IQR) 39 (36–43)
PABS behavioural at 4 months (9–54), median (IQR) 41 (38–45)
  1. PABS Pain Attitudes and Beliefs Scale
  2. #Only clinicians who have delivered the clinical intervention (n = 19)