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Table 2 Birth outcome (mother)

From: BabyGel pilot: a pilot cluster randomised trial of the provision of alcohol handgel to postpartum mothers to prevent neonatal and young infant infection-related morbidity in the community

  Control group Intervention group Difference (95% CI)
Sample size 48 55 103
Birth outcome
 Singleton (n, %) 47 (97.9) 55 (100.) 2.1 (not calculable)
 Twin (n, %) 1 (2.1) 0
Outcome at initial assessment
 Baby/babies survived (n, %) 47 (97.9) 51 (92.7) − 5.2 (− 13.2:2.8)
 Stillbirth (n, %) 0 3 (5.5)  
 Baby died within 24 h (n, %) 1 (2.1) 0
 Mother withdrew consent (n, %) 0 1 (1.8)  
 Mother lost to follow-up after initial assessment (n, %) 0 1 (2.1)
 Baby died after 10 days (n, %) 1 (2.1) 0  
Revised sample size for initial postnatal assessment 48* 51  
Mode of birth
 Spontaneous vaginal birth (n, %) 46 (95.8) 49 (96.1) 0.2 (− 7.5:8.0)
 Caesarean section (n, %) 2 (4.2) 2 (3.9)
Place of birth
 Home (n, %) 7 (14.6) 6 (11.8) − 2.8 (− 16.2:10.5)
 En route (n, %) 2 (4.2) 1 (2.0) − 2.2 (− 9.0:4.6)
 Health centre (n, %) 31 (64.6) 40 (78.4) 13.8 (− 3.8:31.5)
 Hospital (n, %) 4 (8.3) 2 (3.9) − 4.4 (− 13.9:5.0)
 Other (n, %) 4 (8.3) 2 (3.9) − 4.4 (− 13.9:5.0)
Person assisting birth (n, %) 48 (100.) 50 (98.0) − 2.0 (not calculable)
 Relative (n, %) 6 (12.5) 9 (17.6) 5.5 (− 8.7:19.7)
 Traditional birth attendant (n, %) 1 (2.1) 3 (6.0) 3.9 (− 3.8:11.6)
 Nursing assistant (n, %) 1 (2.1) 0 − 2.1 (not calculable)
 Midwife/nurse (n, %) 38 (79.2) 42 (84.0) 4.8 (− 10.5:20.2)
 Other (n, %) 5 (10.4) 2 (4.0) − 6.4 (− 16.6:3.8)
  Doctor 2 2
  Neighbour 1 0
  Retired midwife 1 0
  Trained birth attendant 1 0
Sex of baby
 Male (n, %) 21 (43.8) 22 (43.1) − 0.6 (− 20.2:18.9)
 Female (n, %) 27 (56.3) 29 (56.9)
Birthweight Mean (s.d.) 3.3 (0.6) [2.0–4.5]1 3.4 (0.4) [2.8–4.6]2 0.11 (− 0.20:0.42) (p = 0.478)
  1. 1n = 25
  2. 2n = 24
  3. *Mothers = 47, but as 1 mother had twin birth, babies = 48