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Table 2 Birth outcome (mother)

From: BabyGel pilot: a pilot cluster randomised trial of the provision of alcohol handgel to postpartum mothers to prevent neonatal and young infant infection-related morbidity in the community

 

Control group

Intervention group

Difference (95% CI)

Sample size

48

55

103

Birth outcome

 Singleton (n, %)

47 (97.9)

55 (100.)

2.1 (not calculable)

 Twin (n, %)

1 (2.1)

0

Outcome at initial assessment

 Baby/babies survived (n, %)

47 (97.9)

51 (92.7)

− 5.2 (− 13.2:2.8)

 Stillbirth (n, %)

0

3 (5.5)

 

 Baby died within 24 h (n, %)

1 (2.1)

0

 Mother withdrew consent (n, %)

0

1 (1.8)

 

 Mother lost to follow-up after initial assessment (n, %)

0

1 (2.1)

 Baby died after 10 days (n, %)

1 (2.1)

0

 

Revised sample size for initial postnatal assessment

48*

51

 

Mode of birth

 Spontaneous vaginal birth (n, %)

46 (95.8)

49 (96.1)

0.2 (− 7.5:8.0)

 Caesarean section (n, %)

2 (4.2)

2 (3.9)

Place of birth

 Home (n, %)

7 (14.6)

6 (11.8)

− 2.8 (− 16.2:10.5)

 En route (n, %)

2 (4.2)

1 (2.0)

− 2.2 (− 9.0:4.6)

 Health centre (n, %)

31 (64.6)

40 (78.4)

13.8 (− 3.8:31.5)

 Hospital (n, %)

4 (8.3)

2 (3.9)

− 4.4 (− 13.9:5.0)

 Other (n, %)

4 (8.3)

2 (3.9)

− 4.4 (− 13.9:5.0)

Person assisting birth (n, %)

48 (100.)

50 (98.0)

− 2.0 (not calculable)

 Relative (n, %)

6 (12.5)

9 (17.6)

5.5 (− 8.7:19.7)

 Traditional birth attendant (n, %)

1 (2.1)

3 (6.0)

3.9 (− 3.8:11.6)

 Nursing assistant (n, %)

1 (2.1)

0

− 2.1 (not calculable)

 Midwife/nurse (n, %)

38 (79.2)

42 (84.0)

4.8 (− 10.5:20.2)

 Other (n, %)

5 (10.4)

2 (4.0)

− 6.4 (− 16.6:3.8)

  Doctor

2

2

  Neighbour

1

0

  Retired midwife

1

0

  Trained birth attendant

1

0

Sex of baby

 Male

(n, %)

21 (43.8)

22 (43.1)

− 0.6 (− 20.2:18.9)

 Female

(n, %)

27 (56.3)

29 (56.9)

Birthweight

Mean (s.d.)

3.3 (0.6) [2.0–4.5]1

3.4 (0.4) [2.8–4.6]2

0.11 (− 0.20:0.42) (p = 0.478)

  1. 1n = 25
  2. 2n = 24
  3. *Mothers = 47, but as 1 mother had twin birth, babies = 48