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Table 3 Unadjusted means, standard deviations, and ranges for the outcome variables

From: Results of a feasibility randomized controlled trial (RCT) of the Toolkit for Optimal Recovery (TOR): a live video program to prevent chronic pain in at-risk adults with orthopedic injuries

Outcome Baseline M (SD) (range) Post-intervention M (SD) (range) 3-months follow-up M (SD) (range)
Physical function (SMFA)
 TOR 69.8 (18.2) (71.4) 20.7 (17.4) (41.2) 11.5 (19.3) (43.2)
 UC 63.2 (17.4) (69.22) 48.6 (21.8) (65.2) 37.6 (30.4.0) (85)
Pain intensity at rest (NRS)
 TOR 4.4 (2.8) (9) 1.2 (1.1) (4) 0.6 (2.2) (10)
 UC 1.9 (2.0) (8) 2.0 (1.9) (6) 2.1 (2.3) (9)
Pain intensity with activity (NRS)
 TOR 6.8 (2.5) (10) 2.9 (2.3) (8) 1.7 (2.2) (9)
 UC 5.6 (2.6) (7) 5.1 (2.8) (9) 4.8 (3.2) (10)
Depression (CES-D)
 TOR 20.0 (12.1) (43) 8.0 (6.7) (28) 6.6 (4.8) (18)
 UC 18.3 (10.9) (39) 16.7 (11.1) (40) 17.7 (12.7) (46)
PTSD (PCL-C)
 TOR 20.4 (15.2) (52) 9.2 (11.5) (33) 2.3 (4.3) (17)
 UC 18.8 (13.2) (58) 17.0 (12.0) (37) 18.6 (18.7) (65)
Pain catastrophizing (PCS)
 TOR 19.7 (9.0) (35) 4.0 (5.4) (19) 4.8 (9.1) (34)
 UC 17.6 (10.0) 15.1 (9.4) (24) 18.6 (13.9) (30)
Pain anxiety (PASS-20)
 TOR 41.4 (17.2) (77) 11.2 (11.7) (43) 10.1 (16.5) (57)
 UC 41.8 (16.0) (72)) 34.2 (19.5) (64) 39.7 (24.4) (82)
Satisfaction with recovery (0–10)   7.9 (2.2)  
Satisfaction with treatment (1–5)   4.6 (0.7)  
Satisfaction with clinician (1–5)   4.9 (0.2)