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Table 1 Summary of betweenness centrality analyses

From: Delirium is associated with frequency band specific dysconnectivity in intrinsic connectivity networks: preliminary evidence from a large retrospective pilot case-control study

Network Frequency HCP-MMP region HCP-MMP location t-value p-value Cohen’s d Cohen’s d [95% CI]
Default mode network Delta paracentral lobular and mid cingulate cortex 5mv 2.44 0.01 0.21 0.19–0.22
  posterior cingulate cortex ProS 3.00 0.00 0.26 0.23–0.28
  ventral stream visual cortex VMV1 2.02 0.02 0.17 0.16–0.18
Theta posterior cingulate cortex RSC 5.47 0.00 0.47 0.36–0.55
  posterior cingulate cortex v23ab 5.41 0.00 0.47 0.36–0.54
  posterior cingulate cortex d23ab 4.29 0.00 0.37 0.3–0.42
  posterior cingulate cortex 31 pv 5.58 0.00 0.48 0.37–0.55
  dorsolateral prefrontal cortex s6–8 4.26 0.00 0.37 0.31–0.41
  inferior parietal cortex PGp 4.18 0.00 0.36 0.31–0.4
  inferior parietal cortex PGs 5.52 0.00 0.47 0.38–0.54
Alpha posterior cingulate cortex 7 m − 3.95 0.00 − 0.34 − 0.39–− 0.27
  dorsolateral prefrontal cortex 8Av − 3.73 0.00 − 0.32 − 0.36–− 0.26
  dorsolateral prefrontal cortex 9a − 3.44 0.00 − 0.3 − 0.33–− 0.25
  anterior cingulate and medial prefrontal cortex 10v − 3.44 0.00 − 0.3 − 0.33–− 0.25
  premotor cortex 6a − 3.72 0.00 − 0.32 − 0.36–− 0.26
  dorsolateral prefrontal cortex s6–8 − 3.32 0.00 − 0.29 − 0.32–− 0.24
Beta dorsolateral prefrontal cortex 46 − 2.36 0.01 − 0.2 − 0.22–− 0.18
Executive control network Delta superior parietal cortex MIP 1.86 0.03 0.16 0.15–0.17
Theta dorsolateral prefrontal cortex s6–8 4.26 0.00 0.37 0.31–0.41
  lateral temporal cortex TE2a 4.77 0.00 0.41 0.34–0.46
  inferior parietal cortex IP2 4.71 0.00 0.41 0.33–0.46
  inferior parietal cortex PF 4.38 0.00 0.38 0.32–0.42
  inferior parietal cortex PGs 5.52 0.00 0.47 0.38–0.54
Alpha dorsolateral prefrontal cortex 8Av − 3.73 0.00 −  0.32 − 0.36–− 0.26
  dorsolateral prefrontal cortex 9a − 3.44 0.00 − 0.30 − 0.33–− 0.25
  premotor cortex 6a −  3.72 0.00 − 0.32 − 0.36–− 0.26
  dorsolateral prefrontal cortex s6–8 − 3.32 0.00 − 0.29 − 0.32–− 0.24
Beta dorsolateral prefrontal cortex 46 − 2.36 0.01 − 0.20 − 0.22–− 0.18
Salience network Delta anterior cingulate and medial prefrontal cortex p32pr 1.66 0.05 0.14 0.14–0.15
  anterior cingulate and medial prefrontal cortex 8BM 3.90 0.00 0.34 0.29–0.37
  dorsolateral prefrontal cortex 8Ad 3.74 0.00 0.32 0.28–0.35
Theta dorsolateral prefrontal cortex s6–8 4.26 0.00 0.37 0.31–0.41
  anterior cingulate and medial prefrontal cortex p24 3.70 0.00 0.32 0.27–0.36
  dorsolateral prefrontal cortex 9-46d − 3.30 0.00 − 0.28 − 0.31–− 0.24
Alpha dorsolateral prefrontal cortex 9a − 3.44 0.00 − 0.30 − 0.33–− 0.25
  dorsolateral prefrontal cortex s6–8 − 3.32 0.00 − 0.29 − 0.32–− 0.24
Beta dorsolateral prefrontal cortex 46 − 2.36 0.01 − 0.20 − 0.22–− 0.18
  1. All networks studied showed alterations in information flow through multiple nodes and throughout frequency bands. Slow frequencies were generally associated with increased centrality while faster frequencies rendered decreased centrality parameters. Note that only t-values above the 9th percentile were included to illustrate largest effects. Effect sizes were medium (Cohens d = 0.3–0.6) in most cases. For a full list of HCP-MMP locations and their associated functions, please refer to the original publication by Glasser et al. [52]