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Table 3 Study participant baseline characteristics

From: A cluster-randomised feasibility trial of a children’s weight management programme: the Child weigHt mANaGement for Ethnically diverse communities (CHANGE) study

  Intervention (adapted programme) Comparator (standard programme) Total
n = 69 n = 23 n = 92
n (%a) or mean (SD) n (%a) or mean (SD) n (%a) or mean (SD)
Sex of the child (n = 92)
 Male 32 (46.4) 12 (52.2) 44 (47.8)
 Female 37 (53.6) 11 (47.8) 48 (52.2)
Age at start of course (years; n = 92) 10 (2.0) 10 (2.0) 10 (2.0)
Ethnicity (n = 91)
 White 8 (11.8) 6 (26.1) 14 (15.4)
 Black 6 (8.8) 3 (13.0) 9 (9.9)
 Pakistani/Bangladeshi 36 (52.9) 8 (34.8) 44 (48.4)
 Indian 5 (7.4) 2 (8.7) 7 (7.7)
 Mixed/other ethnicities 13 (19.1) 4 (17.4) 17 (18.7)
IMD quintile (n = 90)
 1 (most deprived) 53 (79.1) 18 (78.3) 71 (78.9)
 2 9 (13.4) 1 (4.4) 10 (11.1)
 3 2 (3.0) 4 (17.4) 6 (6.7)
 4 3 (4.5) 0 (0.0) 3 (3.3)
 5 (least deprived) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
First language (n = 89)
 English 58 (86.6) 19 (86.4) 77 (86.5)
 Urdu 4 (6.0) 0 (0.0) 4 (4.5)
 Mirpuri 1 (1.5) 1 (4.6) 2 (2.3)
 Sylheti 1 (1.5) 0 (0.0) 1 (1.1)
 Bengali 1 (1.5) 1 (4.6) 2 (2.3)
 Other 2 (3.0) 1 (4.6) 3 (3.4)
Religious identity (n = 82)
 Muslim 42 (65.6) 8 (44.4) 50 (61.0)
 Sikh 1 (1.6) 2 (11.1) 3 (3.7)
 Hindu 1 (1.6) 1 (5.6) 2 (2.4)
 Christian 7 (10.9) 5 (27.8) 12 (14.6)
 Other 1 (1.6) 0 (0.0) 1 (1.2)
 No religion 12 (18.8) 2 (11.1) 14 (17.1)
Body mass index z-score (n = 75) 2.5 (0.6) 2.7 (0.7) 2.5 (0.6)
Body fat percentage z-score (n = 73) 2.2 (0.4) 2.3 (0.4) 2.2 (0.4)
Waist circumference z-score (n = 69) 2.8 (0.7) 3.1 (0.5) 2.9 (0.6)
Puberty commenced (n = 65) 13 (28.3) 8 (42.1) 21 (32.3)
Average accelerationb (n = 64, SVMg; mg) 32.1 (14.7) 32.0 (12.1) 32.1 (14.0)
Moderate to vigorous physical activityb (n = 64, min/24 h) 14.5 (11.2) 11.0 (22.7) 13.6 (12.2)
Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory scoreb (n = 71) 76.1 (23.9) 70.63 (28.1) 75.2 (24.2)
 Physical functioning scoreb (n = 72) 81.25 (15.7) 81.25 (21.9) 81.3 (17.2)
 Emotional functioning scoreb (n = 74) 80.0 (40.0) 75.0 (30.0) 77.5 (35.0)
 Social functioning scoreb (n = 75) 75.0 (30.0) 60.0 (40.0) 70.0 (40.0)
 School functioning scoreb (n = 75) 75.0 (25.0) 70.0 (45.0) 75.0 (30.0)
Body dissatisfaction scoreb (n = 73) 2.0 (2.0) 2.0 (2.0) 2.0 (2.0)
Child Health Utility score (n = 75) 0.85 (0.12) 0.89 (0.09) 0.86 (0.11)
Children’s Dietary Questionnaire
 Fruit and vegetable score (n = 67) 5.9 (2.9) 4.6 (3.0) 5.5 (3.0)
 Dairy scoreb (n = 61) 2.0 (2.0) 1.0 (2.0) 2.0 (2.0)
 Sugar-sweetened beverages scoreb (n = 68) 1.3 (1.9) 1.4 (2.1) 1.3 (1.9)
 Non-core foods scoreb (n = 63) 2.4 (1.5) 2.0 (2,6) 2.3 (1.6)
Family Nutrition and Physical Activity score (n = 53) 57.4 (5.5) 54.8 (7.2) 56.6 (6.1)
Authoritative parenting score (n = 47) 4.3 (0.6) 4.2 (0.3) 4.3 (0.6)
Parenting efficacy score (n = 50) 2.2 (0.6) 2.1 (0.6) 2.2 (0.6)
Parent feeding practices scores
 Child control (n = 42) 1.7 (0.7) 2.2 (0.7) 1.8 (0.8)
 Encouraging balance and varietyb (n = 42) 3.5 (0.8) 3.3 (1.5) 3.5 (1.0)
 Environmentb (n = 42) 3.0 (1.3) 3.0 (1.8) 3.0 (1.3)
 Modelling (n = 42) 2.6 (0.9) 2.4 (1.4) 2.5 (1.0)
 Monitoring (n = 42) 2.7 (0.8) 2.9 (1.1) 2.7 (0.9)
 Restriction for healthb (n = 42) 3.0 (1.0) 3.5 (1.0) 3.3 (1.0)
 Restriction for weight control (n = 42) 2.5 (0.7) 2.0 (1.0) 2.4 (0.8)
 Teaching about nutrition (n = 42) 2.8 (0.8) 2.7 (0.8) 2.8 (0.8)
 Involvement (n = 42) 2.2 (0.7) 2.4 (0.7) 2.2 (0.7)
  1. aPercentages may not sum to 100 due to rounding
  2. bSummary statistic = median (IQR)