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Table 2 Baseline anthropometric indices of children admitted for inpatient treatment of SAM

From: A mixed methods feasibility study of the Kusamala Program at a nutritional rehabilitation unit in Malawi

Variables All (n = 29) Intervention (n = 15) Comparison (n = 14)
Edema (%)
 Enrollment 7/29 (24.1) 3/15 (20.0) 4/14 (28.6)
 Discharge 1/27 (3.7) 0/15 (0) 1/12 (8.3)
MUAC (cm)a
 Enrollment 11.3 ± 1.0 11.2 ± 1.2 11.4 ± 0.7
 Discharge 11.5 ± 0.9 11.4 ± 1.0 11.6 ± 0.9
WLZ or WHZa
 Enrollment − 3.5 ± 0.7 − 3.5 ± 0.7 − 3.6 ± 0.7
 Discharge − 2.9 ± 1.2 − 3.0 ± 0.7 − 2.9 ± 1.7
LAZ or HAZ
 Enrollment − 3.1 ± 1.5 − 3.2 ± 1.0 − 3.0 ± 1.8
 Discharge − 3.2 ± 1.4 − 3.4 ± 1.0 − 3.0 ± 1.8
WAZa
 Enrollment − 4.2 ± 0.6 − 4.2 ± 0.7 − 4.2 ± 0.6
 Discharge − 3.8 ± 1.1 − 4.1 ± 0.7 − 3.6 ± 1.5
  1. Values are presented as proportions (%) for categorical data or means ± SDs for continuous data
  2. HAZ height-for-age z-score, LAZ length-for-age z-score, MUAC mid-upper arm circumference, SAM severe acute malnutrition, SD standard deviation, WAZ weight-for-age z-score, WHZ weight-for-height z-score, WLZ weight-for-length z-score
  3. aExcluding children with edema