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Table 3 Mean (SD) of each group, mean (SD) difference within each group, and mean (95% CI) difference between groups

From: Intensive therapy after botulinum toxin in adults with spasticity after stroke versus botulinum toxin alone or therapy alone: a pilot, feasibility randomized trial

Outcome Groups Difference within groups Difference between groups
  Week 0 Week 8 Week 12 Week 8 minus week 0 Week 12 minus week 0 Week 8 minus week 0 Week 12 minus week 0
  Exp Con 1 Con 2 Exp Con 1 Con 2 Exp Con 1 Con 2 Exp Con 1 Con 2 Exp Con 1 Con 2 Exp minus Con 1 Exp minus Con 2 Exp minus Con 1 Exp minus Con 2
Goal Attainment Scale (T-score) 23 (0)
n = 12
23 (0) n = 11 23 (0)
n = 14
40 (14)
n = 12
31 (9)
n = 9
38 (9)
n = 12
40 (13)
n = 12
36 (13)
n = 8
36 (9)
n = 12
17 (14) 8 (9) 15 (9) 17 (13) 13 (13) 13 (9) 9 (− 20 to 2) 2 (− 9 to 13) 4 (− 9 to 17) 4 (− 7 to 16)
Box and Block Test(blocks/s) 0.14 (0.21)
n = 9
0.00 (0.00)
n = 6
0.05 (0.10)
n = 11
0.13 (0.18)
n = 9
0.01 (0.01)
n = 5
0.07 (0.16)
n = 11
0.12 (0.19)
n = 9
0.02 (0.04)
n = 5
0.07 (0.15)
n = 11
− 0.01 (0.05) 0.01 (0.01) 0.02 (0.07) − 0.02 (0.06) 0.02 (0.04) 0.02 (0.07) − 0.02 (− 0.06 to 0.03) − 0.03 (− 0.09 to 0.03) − 0.04 (− 0.10 to 0.03) − 0.04 (− 0.10 to 0.02)
6-min Walk Test(m/s) 0.18 (0.16)
n = 3
0.54 (0.05)
n = 5
0.46 (0.58)
n = 3
0.28 (0.24)
n = 3
0.61 (0.17)
n = 4
0.46 (0.53)
n = 3
0.27 (0.23)
n = 3
0.62 (0.29)
n = 4
0.35 (0.60)
n = 3
0.10 (0.09) 0.07 (0.19) 0.01 (0.09) 0.09 (0.09) 0.08 (0.30) − 0.11 (0.13) 0.02 (− 0.29 to 0.33) 0.09 (− 0.12 to 0.29) 0.01 (− 0.46 to 0.48) 0.20 (− 0.05 to 0.44)
Tardieu Scale(0–4) 2.5 (0.7)
n = 12
2.2 (0.4)
n = 11
2.2 (0.6)
n = 14
2.5 (0.7)
n = 11
2.3 (0.5)
n = 9
2.0 (0.5)
n = 13
2.3 (0.7)
n = 12
2.2 (0.4)
n = 9
2.2 (0.8)
n = 12
− 0.1 (0.3) − 0.2 (0.8) 0.1 (0.3) − 0.2 (0.4) 0.0 (1.1) 0.0 (0.0) 0.1 (− 0.4 to 0.7) − 0.2(− 0.4 to 0.1) − 0.2 (− 0.9 to 0.6) −20090.2 (− 0.4 to 0.1)
  1. Exp experimental group (botulinum toxin-A plus intensive therapy), Con 1 control group 1 (botulinum toxin-A only), Con 2 control group 2 (intensive therapy only)