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Table 2 Baseline characteristics and health-related quality of life comparison between those recruited and randomised and those recruited but not randomised (percentages, absolute ratios and mean and standard deviations)

From: A pilot randomised controlled trial investigating a mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) intervention in individuals with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH): the PATHWAYS study

Variable Randomised Not randomised Total sample
Sex (% male) 20.5% (7/34) 52.9% (9/17) 31.4% (16/52)
Age (mean (min, max)) 50.0 (22, 76) 53.7 (20, 88) 51.3 (20, 88)
Ethnic origin (% white British) 87.1% (27/31) 100% (17/17) 91.7% (44/48)
Currently working 32.3% (10/31) 41.2% (7/17) 35.4% (17/48)
Stopped working due to ill health? 32.2% (10/31) 23.5% (4/17) 29.1% (14/48)
Retired 31.0% (9/29) 35.3% (6/17) 32.6% (15/46)
Practice yoga regularly 9.7% (3/31) 0% (0/17) 6.3% (2/48)
Regularly meditate 9.7% (3/31) 5.9% (1/17) 8.3% (4/48)
From the primary clinic 27.3% (9/34) 100% (18/18) 51.9% (27/52)
SF-36 PCS 37.9 (11.8) 37.0 (12.0) 37.6 (11.8)
SF-36 MCS 43.4 (11.7) 48.8 (7.9) 45.3 (10.7)
SF-6D 0.632 (0.131) 0.639 (0.099) 0.634 (0.119)
Anxiety (BAI) 14.5 (11.6) 10.5 (7.3) 13.1 (10.3)
Depression (BDI) 17.3 (12.6) 10.7 (7.0) 15.1 (11.4)
  1. The higher scores in BAI and BDI imply increased reported symptoms. BAI range was from 6 to 42, and for BDI, the range was 2–27 across both groups. The individual scores were deliberately not reported so as to avoid unintentional interpretation. There was no cut-off in the values