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Table 4 Isometric muscle strength at baseline and 3-month follow-up

From: Exercise therapy, patient education, and patellar taping in the treatment of adolescents with patellofemoral pain: a prospective pilot study with 6 months follow-up

  Baseline (±SD) Follow-up at 3 months (±SD) Difference (95% CI) p value
Knee extension (%BW) 0.82 (± 0.21) 0.84 (± 0.23) 0.01 (− 0.04; 0.06) 0.59
Knee flexion (%BW) 0.33 (± 0.07) 0.33 (± 0.07) 0.01(− 0.02; 0.03) 0.63
Hip abduction (%BW) 0.26 (± 0.05) 0.24 (± 0.05) − 0.02 (− 0.03; 0.00) 0.03
Hip adduction (%BW) 0.27 (± 0.07) 0.24 (± 0.05) − 0.03 (− 0.05; − 0.01) 0.01
Hip external rotation (%BW) 0.21 (± 0.04) 0.23 (± 0.05) 0.01 (0.00; 0.02) 0.05
Hip internal rotation (%BW) 0.32 (± 0.06) 0.34 (± 0.07) 0.02 (0.00; 0.04) 0.09