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Table 2 Outcome scores comparing Hispanics versus non-Hispanic whites

From: Ethnic differences in patients’ perceptions towards isolated orthopedic injuries: a pilot study

  Hispanics, mean (SD) Non-Hispanic whites, mean (SD) MD (95% CI)
SF-36
 Physical function 33 (32.0) 25.8 (27.2) 7.2 (− 14.1,28.4)
 Role-physical 23.1 (29.0) 13.5 (14.3) 9.6 (− 4.1,23.2)
 Bodily pain 35.8 (21.9) 36.4 (16.2) − 0.7 (− 13.2,11.9)
 General health 68.2 (21.9) 64.8 (13.7) 3.5 (− 8.0,14.9)
 Vitality scale 50.4 (24.0) 48.4 (22.3) 2.0 (−14.2,18.1)
 Social functioning 37.1 (30.2) 52.1 (27.6) − 15.0 (− 35.1,5.1)
 Role-emotional 55.0 (38.9) 57.6 (34.2) − 2.6 (− 27.8,22.5)
 Mental health 62.0 (22.7) 76.7 (16.6) − 14.7 (− 27.6,− 1.7)
 Physical component summary 34.9 (7.1) 30.2 (6.2) 4.7 (0.2,9.3)
 Mental component summary 44.0 (13.0) 50.8 (10.9) − 6.8 (− 15.0,1.4)
QPI 22.7 (12.0) 17.3 (14.3) 5.4 (− 4.4,15.2)
PCS 14.8 (12.9) 14.7 (12.1) 0.1 (− 8.6,8.8)
Trust with doctor (0–10) 8.9 (0.4) 9.9 (2.1) − 1.0 (− 1.9,− 0.1)
  1. SD standard deviation, MD mean difference, CI confidence interval, SF-36 Short-Form 36 Health Survey, QPI Questionnaire of Perceived Injustice, PCS Pain Catastrophizing Scale