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Table 1 Demographic variable comparing Hispanic versus non-Hispanic white patients

From: Ethnic differences in patients’ perceptions towards isolated orthopedic injuries: a pilot study

  Hispanics (n = 31) Non-Hispanic whites (n = 12) Total (n = 43) p
Age in years, mean (SD) 41.9 (12.4) 44.7 (15.3) 42.7 (13.1) 0.58
Gender (% female) 51.6% (16) 66.7% (8) 55.8% (24) 0.38
Smoking history % (n) 19.4% (6) 41.7% (5) 25.6% (11) 0.13
Annual income level % (n)a
 Less than $20,000 44.8% (13) 16.7% (2) 35% (14) 0.09
 $20,000–$49,000 37.9% (11) 41.6% (5) 40% (16)
 $50,000–$79,000 13.8% (4) 25% (3) 17.5% (7)
 $100,000–$299,000 3.5% (1) 16.7% (2) 5% (3)
Educational level % (n)
 8th grade or less 16.1% (5) 0% (0) 11.6% (5) 0.30
 Some high school but did not graduate 9.7% (3) 0% (0) 7.0% (3)
 High school graduate or GED 38.7% (12) 50% (6) 41.9% (18)
 Some college or 2-year degree 29% (9) 25% (3) 27.9% (12)
 Four-year college graduate 3.2% (1) 8.3% (1) 4.7% (2)
 More than 4-year college degree 3.2% (1) 16.7% (2) 7.0% (3)
ASA Class % (n)
 Class I 12.9% (4) 8.3% (1) 11.6% (5) 0.10
 Class II 51.6% (16) 75% (9) 58.1% (25)
 Class III 35.5% (11) 8.3% (1) 27.9% (12)
 Class IV 0% (0) 8.3% (1) 2.3% (1)
  1. SD Standard deviation, ASA American Society of Anesthesiologists
  2. aAnnual income level available for total n = 41