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Table 4 Summary of changes in the numbers of cases of diarrhoea and worms and parasites between baseline (November 2014–January 2015) and follow-up (June–August 2015), at health centres in Gicumbi and Rulindo

From: Educational intervention to reduce disease related to sub-optimal basic hygiene in Rwanda: initial evaluation and feasibility study

  Gicumbi (intervention district) Rulindo (control district)  
Baseline Follow-up Change % change Baseline Follow-up Change % change p value1
Diarrhoea in adultsa 598 459 −139 −23 795 527 −268 −34  
Diarrhoea in childrenb 262 270 +8 +3 445 353 −92 −21  
Diarrhoea in infantsc 414 442 +28 +7 709 1064 +355 +50  
All diarrhoea 1274 1171 −103 −8 1949 1944 −5 0 0.072
Worms and parasites in adults 3779 1875 −1904 −50 3444 2927 −517 −15  
Worms and parasites in childrenb 1216 1194 −22 −2 1558 1429 −129 −8  
All worms and parasites 4995 3069 −1926 −39 5002 4356 −646 −13 <0.001
  1. 1Comparison of numbers of cases (all ages studied) between intervention and control districts and between time periods before and during implementation of the intervention
  2. aAges 20 years and over
  3. bAges 5–19 years
  4. cAges 0–4 years