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Table 5 Mean scores for outcome measures at baseline and 1 month

From: Feasibility and acceptability of a nursing intervention with family caregiver on self-care among heart failure patients: a randomized pilot trial

  EG mean (SD) CG mean (SD)
H1: General self-care managementa
 Baseline 46.19 (13.13) 46.31 (8.97)
 1 month 50.57 (4.89) 50.76 (6.73)
H2: Self-care specific to HFa   
 Baseline 49.37 (20.37) 46.25 (14.50)
 1 month 75.23 (10.60) 69.48 (16.66)
H3: Perceived competence to manage HFa
 Baseline 20.13 (4.08) 19.06 (5.30)
 1 month 23.29 (3.27) 23.85 (4.02)
H4: Behavioral Questionnaire of the Elderly-Health activities
 H4a A-motivationb   
 Baseline 7.88 (3.98) 5.87 (3.46)
 1 month 4.14 (2.18) 6.08 (3.64)
H4b: External extrinsic motivationb   
 Baseline 13.00 (4.77) 15.13 (4.73)
 1 month 16.29 (6.40) 13.85 (5.32)
H4c: Internal extrinsic motivationa   
 Baseline 16.65 (2.93) 16.38 (3.16)
 1 month 19.29 (1.77) 17.54 (3.23)
H4d: Intrinsic motivationa   
 Baseline 11.13 (5.58) 9.63 (4.26)
 1 month 10.86 (7.55) 9.77 (5.48)
H5: Family Care Climate Questionnaire-Patient versiona
 Baseline 57.56 (7.97) 60.19 (5.24)
 1 month 61.86 (6.63) 62.46 (6.57)
H6: Family Care Climate Questionnaire-Family versiona
 Baseline 58.13 (4.94) 57.94 (6.69)
 1 month 60.21 (4.93) 57.85 (6.45)
  1. N = 16 both for the EG and CG for the baseline scores and N = 14 (EG) and 13 (CG) for the 1-month scores because five patients were hospitalized or dead
  2. aHigher scores represent better outcomes
  3. bLower scores represent better outcomes