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Table 1 Summary of outcomes, measures/approaches, and methods of analysis

From: The Aging, Community and Health Research Unit—Community Partnership Program for older adults with type 2 diabetes and multiple chronic conditions: a feasibility study

Objective Outcomes Measures/approaches Methods of analysis
1. Feasibility of program implementation Client acceptability -Semi-structured interview (at 6 months) -Content analysis
   -% of participants that did not die or transfer to long-term care and completed the 6-month program -Descriptive statistics
   -% of completers that had at least 1 home visit -Descriptive statistics
-% of completers that had at least 1 group session
  Provider acceptability -Focus group interview (at 6 months) -Content analysis
  Peer support volunteer acceptability -Focus group interview (at 6 months) -Content analysis
  Implementation barriers and facilitators -Focus groups (providers) -Content analysis
-Semi-structured interviews (clients)
  Fidelity -Compare log (visits, case conferences, group attendance) to fidelity checklist -Rating of compliance
-Descriptive feedback
2. Feasibility of study methods Eligibility -No. of individuals screened and found eligible to participate in study -Descriptive statistics
  Recruitment -No. of eligible participants enrolled in study -Descriptive statistics
  Retention -% of enrolled participants that completed 6-month program -Descriptive statistics
  Representative -Comparison of completers and non-completers (characteristics: sociodemographic, self-management, health status, cost characteristics) -Descriptive statistics
  Data collection and analysis -Length of interview -Content analysis
-Clarity and acceptability of questions
-Applicability of questions to clients
-Ease of data collection
-Follow-up on missing or inconsistent response data
-Focus groups and semi-structured interviews for problems relating to data requested or issues affecting data analysis
3. Change in client outcomes Self-management behavior -SDSCAa total scale, sub-scale items -Mean (SD), 95 % CI for mean score difference
  Health-related quality of life -PCSc score from SF-12b (physical) -Mean (SD), 95 % CI for mean score difference
-MCSd score from SF-12b (mental)
  Depression -CES-De score -Mean (SD), 95 % CI for mean score difference
-Descriptive statistics (cut-off analysis)
  Anxiety -GAD-7f score -Mean (SD), 95 % CI for mean score difference
-Descriptive statistics (cut-off analysis)
  Glycated hemoglobin -HbA1C measure (% sugar in blood) -Mean (SD), 95 % CI for mean difference
  Hypoglycemic episodes (blood glucose <4 mmol/L) -Number (proportion) of clients in each category: not sure, never or hardly ever, more than once a month, more than once a week, daily or almost daily -Descriptive statistics
  Diabetes medication use -Number (proportion) of clients in each category: increased medications, decreased medications, no change in medications -Descriptive statistics
  Costs -6-month costs by service type -Median costs
4. Primary outcome for full RCT SDSCA, PCS, HbA1C -Applicability to clients -Comprehensive performance evaluation of candidate outcome measures
-Face validity
-Ease of collection/completion
  1. aSDSCA = Summary of Diabetes Self Care Activities Scale
  2. bSF-12 = Short-Form Health Survey (12 questions)
  3. cPCS = Physical Component Summary Score (from SF-12)
  4. dMCS = Mental Component Summary Score (from SF-12)
  5. eCES-D = Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale
  6. fGAD-7 = Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale (7 questions)