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Table 2 WOMAC subscales and total

From: Western medical acupuncture in a group setting for knee osteoarthritis: results of a pilot randomised controlled trial

Arm ‘group’ ‘individual’ ‘standard’
Mean (SD), n
Pain pre 9.5 (2.8), 20 10.9 (2.9), 20 9.3 (2.7), 20
Pain 14w 5.8 (4.3), 17 8.4 (2.8), 15 9.3 (3.9), 14
Stiffness pre 4.5 (1.4), 20 4.8 (1.7), 20 4.5 (1.2), 20
Stiffness 14w 3.1 (1.8), 17 3.4 (1.2), 15 4.0 (1.6), 14
Function pre 35.2 (9.6), 20 37.8 (8.4), 20 31.9 (9.3), 20
Function 14w 23.0 (16.1), 17 30.0 (10.1), 15 29.4 (11.5), 13
Total pre 49.1 (13.1), 20 53.4 (12.2), 20 45.6 (12.5), 20
Total 14w 31.9 (21.8), 17 41.8 (13.4), 15 42.8 (16.5), 13
  1. Maximum scores for WOMAC are 20 (pain), 8 (stiffness), 68 (function), and 96 (total)
  2. Pre baseline, 14w 14 week follow-up, ‘group’ group acupuncture, ‘individual’ individual acupuncture, ‘standard’ standardised care only