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Table 2 Follow-up data for each study group

From: Rhythmic cued motor imagery and walking in people with multiple sclerosis: a randomised controlled feasibility study

Parameter Group A Group B Group C
Music cued motor imagery Metronome cued motor imagery Control group
MFIS total score (points)
 At follow-upa 28 (0, 53) 20 (3, 50) 29 (0, 46)
 Participants with fatigue (MFIS total score ≥38) 2/10 2/10 2/10
 Change to baselinea −9.5 (−31, 5) −13 (−28, 7) −3 (−17, 4)
T25FW (seconds)
 At follow-upb 5.2 (3.6, 6.7) 4.5 (3.7, 5.2) 5.5 (4.5, 6.6)
 Change to baselineb −0.9 (−1.3, −0.5) −0.9 (−1.3, −0.5) 0.4 (−0.3, 1.1)
 Effect sizec 1.27 (0.26, 2.17) 1.27 (0.26, 2.17)  
 Participants with clinically significant improvement (≥20 %)d 3/10 3/10 0/10
30 % (7, 65 %) 30 % (7, 65 %) 0 % (0)
6MWT (metres)
 At follow-upb 521.1 (428.8, 613.5) 521.1 (454.1, 588.0) 475.3 (384.9, 565.8)
 Change to baselineb 68.1 (51.4, 84.7) 92.9 (55.2, 130.5) −9.4 (−35.6, 16.9)
 Effect sizec 1.91 (0.79, 2.88) 1.72 (0.64, 2.67)  
 Participants with clinically significant improvement (≥20 %)d 2/10 6/10 0/10
20 % (2, 56 %) 60 % (26, 88 %) 0 % (0)
  1. With walking speed (T25FW), improvement is indicated by a minus and worsening by a plus; with walking distance (6MWT), improvement is indicated by a plus and worsening by a minus
  2. T25FW Timed 25-Foot Walk, 6MWT 6-Minute Walk Test
  3. aMedian (range)
  4. bMean (95 % confidence interval)
  5. cCohen’s d, with 95 % confidence interval, based on corrected estimates of pooled standard deviation for 80 % of trials [52]
  6. dPercentage (95 % confidence interval)